heterotroph


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Related to heterotroph: heterotroph hypothesis

het·er·o·troph

 (hĕt′ər-ə-trŏf′, -trōf′)
n.
An organism that is dependent on complex organic substances for nutrition because it cannot synthesize its own food.

het′er·o·troph′ic adj.
het′er·o·troph′i·cal·ly adv.
het′er·ot′ro·phy (-ə-rŏt′rə-fē) n.

het•er•o•troph

(ˈhɛt ər əˌtrɒf, -ˌtroʊf)

n.
an organism requiring organic compounds for its principal source of food. Compare autotroph.
[1895–1900]
het`er•o•troph′ic, adj.

heterotroph

An organism that obtains food by feeding on other organisms, e.g. animals, fungi.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.heterotroph - an organism that depends on complex organic substances for nutrition
organism, being - a living thing that has (or can develop) the ability to act or function independently
Translations
References in periodicals archive ?
Sucrose: Plants in in vitro culture conditions need an exogenous carbohydrate source because most of the plants grown in vitro tend to shift from autotroph to heterotroph. Selecting the best carbohydrate source and concentration in culture media depends on the plant species and the micropropagation phase.
The velocity of growth of the denitrificant microorganisms is very similar to that of aerobe heterotroph organisms; therefore, greater than the nitrificants.
A generalist species is able to thrive in a wide variety of environmental conditions and can make use of a variety of different resources (e.g., a heterotroph with a varied diet).
The use of carbon and nitrogen stable isotopes offers a more efficient alternative to investigate trophic relationships between plants and animals in aquatic ecosystems, permitting direct identification of the relative contributions from different autotrophic energy sources to heterotroph food chains (PETERSON; FRY, 1987).
(17) No minimum standards are offered by the EPA with regard to heterotroph counts.
Table 3-1 The Five Kingdom System Kingdom Cellular Nutrition Type Examples Organization Monera * Prokaryotic * Varies Bacteria * Unicellular Fungi * Eukaryotic * Heterotroph Molds, yeasts, * Unicellular or (cannot make mushrooms, multicellular its own food) smuts, rusts * Absorptive Protista * Eukaryotic * Heterotroph Protozoa * Unicellular (a few autotrophic species exist) Animalia * Eukaryotic * Heterotroph Invertebrates, * Multicellular * Ingestive vertebrates Plantae * Eukaryotic * Autotroph Plants, mosses, * Multicellular (can make its ferns own food) Table 3-2 Classification of the House Cat, Human, and E.
(1997) measured significant levels of heterotroph activity and C[O.sub.2] and [N.sub.2]O production in snow-covered soils at Niwot Ridge.
"Their hypothesis, in my view, suffers from the weakness that it requires a huge changeover in the metabolism of the host from an autotroph [which makes ATP from nonorganic fuel] to a heterotroph [which generates energy from organic molecules]," he says.
Just as there are important economic differences between an autotroph and a heterotroph, so, too, there are important economic differences between an organism that can think and one that cannot.
Like us, Rpom is a heterotroph that eats organic molecules to survive.
Cells of the strain VA1 grow optimally at 90 to 95C and pH 7.0 in atmospheric air as an obligate heterotroph. The complete genome sequence of P.
When comparing the total growth of aerobic heterotroph colonies in samples with different oxidizing agents, a statistically significant difference (p <0.05) between the oxidizing agents was also determined.