Litterfall dynamics and nutrient decomposition of arid mangroves in the Gulf of California: Their role sustaining ecosystem heterotrophy
. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 82(210), 191-199.
It is shown that the loss of photosynthetic ability and full heterotrophy
are linked to the degradation and/or modification of vegetative structures .
The majority are observed as mullerian heterotrophy
. According to this theory, the fallopian tubes develop from paramesonephric channel remnants in the 6-7th weeks of gestation in the embryologic period .
The corals in the turbid water of Australia rely more on heterotrophy
than do corals from oligotrophic waters (Anthony, 2000), which may indicate that the former animals have adapted to a larger presence of prey or to lower light intensities in these environments.
This is not to underestimate the importance of further developing these Euryarchaeota models as Archaeoglobi have some of the most diverse metabolisms of any Euryarchaeota, capable of chemolithotrophy by reduction of sulfates, thiosulfates, nitrates, and heterotrophy
via reduction of sulfates via organic compounds .
Dubinsky, "Autotrophy versus heterotrophy
: The origin of carbon determines its fate in a symbiotic sea anemone," Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, vol.
is common among benthic diatoms .
 reported that fourfold higher turbidity during the wet season is consistent with elevated net benthic and/or water column heterotrophy
via enhanced organic matter inputs from adjacent mangrove forest and/or the flushing of C[O.sub.2]-enriched soil waters, which may explain these high emission data of C[O.sub.2].
However, plantlets produced from in vitro cultures have to switch from heterotrophy
to autotrophy and possess abnormal anatomical and physiological characteristics, such as under developed leaf cuticle and lower stomatal density, which necessitates acclimatization in order for them to cope with edaphoclimatic conditions (BARBOZA et al., 2006).
Consequently, the pelagic NPP showed net heterotrophy
in St 02 and St 15, net autotrophy in St 30 and St 60, and values next to equilibrium in St 90 and St 120 (Tukey-Kramer, p<0.05; Figure 4).