The main components of the essential oils were hexadecanoic acid
(25.3%) and hentriacontane (13.0%) for G.
The main components of the hexane extract were 9-octadecenoic acid([omega]-9), 9, 12- octadecadienoic acid (linoleic acid or [omega]- 6), hexadecanoic acid
, (palmitic acid), 1,2-benzenedicarboxylic acid diisooctyl, dodecane and [gamma]- linolenic acid.
A variety of pharmacologically active compounds were identified including hexadecanoic acid
, oleic acid, vaccinic acid, and pthanlic acid.
No RT Chemical name 1 15.8 Flavone 2 17.12 4',5,7-Triliydroxy isoflavone 3 17.98 n-Hexadecanoic acid (*) 4 18.82 Oleic acid 5 18.97 Morin 6 19.62 Z-5,17-Octadecadien-l-ol acetate 7 21.2 4,8,12,16-Tetramethylheptadecan-4-olide 8 22.43 2-Cyclohexen-3,6-diol-1 -one, 2-tetradecanoyl 9 23.63 Hexadecanoic acid
, 2-bromo S.
As shown in Table (4), tetracosanic acid (C24H48O2), behenic acid (C23H46O2), docosahexenoic acid (C22H40O2), ecosapentadecenoic acid (C20H30O2), hexadecanoic acid
(C16H32O2) and dodecanoic acid (C12H24O2) were found at 0.524, 2.491, 6.633, 3.259, 1.496 and 0.038%, respectively in fraction 3, while they were not recognized in fraction 4.
Presence of Tetradecanoic acid, Pentadecanoic acid, Hexadecanoic acid
and Heptadecanoic acid in the form of methyl esters confirming the cell wall belonged under Streptomyces (13).
It is known that consumption of saturated fatty acids, as in the case of hexadecanoic acid
, is associated with obesity, inflammation, and insulin resistance (22).
Those compounds' names and retention times (RT) are 1,2-benzenedicarboxylic acid, dibutyl ester at 5.76 min, hexadecanoic acid
, methyl ester at 6.374 min, hexadecanoic acid
, 15-methyl-, methyl ester at 7.908 min, 9,12-octadecadienoic acid (Z,Z)-methyl ester at 9.141 min, 8-octadecenoic acid, methyl ester at 9.238 min, and methyl stearate at 9.688 min.
These were: 1-Isopropyl-2, 2-dimethylpropylideneamine, Camphor, Naphthalene, Thymol, 1,5,5- Trimethyl-6-x methylene-cyclohexene, Hexadecanoic acid
, methyl ester, 9,12,15 Octadecatrienoic acid, methyl ester, 8, 11, 14-Eicosatrienoic acid and 1,2-Benzenedicarboxylic acid, mono(2-ethylhexyl) ester.
Parts of the peaks were identified as 1, lactic acid; 2, alanine; 3, valine; 4, leucine; 5, proline; 6, glycine; 7, uracil; 8, fumaric acid; 9, serine; 10, threonine; 11, malic acid; 12, pyroglutamic acid; 13, asparagine; 14, hydroxyproline; 15, creatinine; 16, ornithine; 17, glutamic acid; 18, phenylalanine; 19, ribose; 20, glutamine; 21, hypoxanthine; 22, glucose; 23, hexadecanoic acid
; 24, linoleic acid; 25, oleic acid; 26, tryptophan; 27, stearic acid; 28, glucose-6-phosphate; 29, maltose; and 30, cholesterol.
This table shows that 1,2-benzenedicarboxylic acid, mono (2-ethylhexyl) ester (21.04%), [gamma]-sitosterol (16.42%), and 3,7,11,15-tetramethyl-2hexadecen-1-ol (6.34%) are the three main components, followed by hexadecanoic acid
, ethyl ester (4.77%), phenol, 2,2'-methylene bis (4.53%), (E)-9-octadecenoic acid ethyl ester (4.11%), and hexadecanoic acid
, methyl ester (4.08%).
IUPAC Common name Lipid number Dodecanoic acid Lauric acid C12:0 Methyl tetradecanoate Methyl myristate C15:0 Octanoic acid Caprylic acid C8:0 Decanoic acid Capric acid C10:0 Hexadecanoic acid
Palmitic acid C16:0 9-Octadecenoic acid Oleic acid C18:1 n-9 IUPAC Molecular formula Percentage of composition (%) Dodecanoic acid [C.sub.12][H.sub.24][O.sub.2] 40.86 Methyl tetradecanoate [C.sub.15][H.sub.30][O.sub.2] 11.14 Octanoic acid [C.sub.18][H.sub.16][O.sub.2] 7.69 Decanoic acid [C.sub.10][H.sub.20][O.sub.2] 5.17 Hexadecanoic acid
[C.sub.16][H.sub.32][O.sub.2] 4.22 9-Octadecenoic acid [C.sub.18][H.sub.34][O.sub.2] 0.33 The IUPAC nomenclature was referred as International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry.