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n. pl. hi·dal·gos
A member of the minor nobility in Spain.
[Spanish, alteration of hijo dalgo, from Old Spanish fijo dalgo : fijo, son (from Latin fīlius; see dhē(i)- in Indo-European roots) + de, of (from Latin dē; see de-) + algo, something, possession (from Latin aliquō, ablative of aliquid : alius, some; see al- in Indo-European roots + quid, something; see kwo- in Indo-European roots).]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
hidalgo(hɪˈdælɡəʊ; Spanish iˈðalɣo) or feminine
n, pl -gos (-ɡəʊz; Spanish -ɣos) or -gas (-ɡəz; Spanish -ɣas)
(Government, Politics & Diplomacy) a member of the lower nobility in Spain
[C16: from Spanish, from Old Spanish fijo dalgo nobleman, from Latin filius son + dē of + aliquid something]
Hidalgo(hɪˈdælɡəʊ; Spanish iˈðalɣo)
(Placename) a state of central Mexico: consists of a high plateau, with the Sierra Madre Oriental in the north and east; ancient remains of Teltec culture (at Tula); rich mineral resources. Capital: Pachuca. Pop: 2 231 392 (2000). Area: 20 987 sq km (8103 sq miles)
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014
hi•dal•go(hɪˈdæl goʊ; Sp. iˈðɑl gɔ)
n., pl. -gos (-gōz; Sp. -gôs).
a man of the lower nobility in Spain.
[1585–95; < Sp, contraction of hijo dalgo, Old Spanish fijo dalgo a noble, a person with property, a son with something < Latin filius son + dē from + aliquō something]
Hi•dal•go(hɪˈdæl goʊ; Sp. iˈðɑl gɔ)
a state in central Mexico. 2,112,473; 8057 sq. mi. (20,870 sq. km). Cap.: Pachuca.
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