hidalgo

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hi·dal·go

 (hĭ-dăl′gō, ē-thäl′-)
n. pl. hi·dal·gos
A member of the minor nobility in Spain.

[Spanish, alteration of hijo dalgo, from Old Spanish fijo dalgo : fijo, son (from Latin fīlius; see dhē(i)- in Indo-European roots) + de, of (from Latin ; see de-) + algo, something, possession (from Latin aliquō, ablative of aliquid : alius, some; see al- in Indo-European roots + quid, something; see kwo- in Indo-European roots).]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

hidalgo

(hɪˈdælɡəʊ; Spanish iˈðalɣo) or feminine

hidalga

n, pl -gos (-ɡəʊz; Spanish -ɣos) or -gas (-ɡəz; Spanish -ɣas)
(Government, Politics & Diplomacy) a member of the lower nobility in Spain
[C16: from Spanish, from Old Spanish fijo dalgo nobleman, from Latin filius son + of + aliquid something]

Hidalgo

(hɪˈdælɡəʊ; Spanish iˈðalɣo)
n
(Placename) a state of central Mexico: consists of a high plateau, with the Sierra Madre Oriental in the north and east; ancient remains of Teltec culture (at Tula); rich mineral resources. Capital: Pachuca. Pop: 2 231 392 (2000). Area: 20 987 sq km (8103 sq miles)
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

hi•dal•go

(hɪˈdæl goʊ; Sp. iˈðɑl gɔ)

n., pl. -gos (-gōz; Sp. -gôs).
a man of the lower nobility in Spain.
[1585–95; < Sp, contraction of hijo dalgo, Old Spanish fijo dalgo a noble, a person with property, a son with something < Latin filius son + from + aliquō something]

Hi•dal•go

(hɪˈdæl goʊ; Sp. iˈðɑl gɔ)

n.
a state in central Mexico. 2,112,473; 8057 sq. mi. (20,870 sq. km). Cap.: Pachuca.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
Translations
References in classic literature ?
-I swear to God thou liest as I am Christian: if thou droppest lance and drawest sword, soon shalt thou see thou art carrying water to the cat: Biscayan on land, hidalgo at sea, hidalgo at the devil, and look, if thou sayest otherwise thou liest."
Corpus Christi, in the county of Nueces, and all the cities situated on the Rio Bravo, Laredo, Comalites, San Ignacio on the Web, Rio Grande City on the Starr, Edinburgh in the Hidalgo, Santa Rita, Elpanda, Brownsville in the Cameron, formed an imposing league against the pretensions of Florida.
Felipe Hidalgo is a name that always crops up in any discussion on Filipino collectors.
On my right as I entered was Felix Resurreccion Hidalgo's replica of 'Christian Virgins Exposed to the Populace'...