(redirected from hierocratic)
Also found in: Thesaurus.


 (hī′ə-rŏk′rə-sē, hī-rŏk′-)
n. pl. hi·er·oc·ra·cies
Government by the clergy; ecclesiastical rule.

hi′er·o·crat′ic (hī′ər-ə-krăt′ĭk, hī′rə-krăt′-), hi′er·o·crat′i·cal adj.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


n, pl -cies
(Ecclesiastical Terms) government by priests or ecclesiastics
hierocratic, ˌhieroˈcratical adj
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ˌhaɪ əˈrɒk rə si, haɪˈrɒk-)

n., pl. -cies.
rule or government by priests or ecclesiastics.
hi•er•o•crat•ic (ˌhaɪ ər əˈkræt ɪk, ˌhaɪ rə-) hi`er•o•crat′i•cal, adj.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.


See also: Catholicism
-Ologies & -Isms. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.hierocracy - a ruling body composed of clergy
theocracy - a political unit governed by a deity (or by officials thought to be divinely guided)
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
Moreover, in comparison with the clerical, hierarchic, and hierocratic centralized administrative structure of the Catholic Church, the Islamic umma, at least within the Sunni tradition, has a more conciliar, egalitarian, laic, and decentralized structure.
Patronage was a fashionable act, and Gundersheimer makes it even clearer why this was so by linking it to a kind of social anthropological approach ("Big Man systems"), by defining it as a "dominant social process," and by introducing it as a complex cultural practice which seemed able to subsume almost everything from the hierocratic Middle Ages through the absolutistic Renaissance, gallant Baroque and humanistic Classical to the early industrial Romantic worlds.
A traditional hierocratic view, often associated with the medieval theorist John of Salisbury, is that God has delegated to the Church all power over temporal and spiritual affairs but has temporarily ceded temporal power to the earthly ruler.
If resources are allocated according to hierocratic criteria, we have no way of determining whether such investments were profitable or not (Mises, 1920), except by comparing their results with similar ones which develop on the market.
Kings and emperors, unsurprisingly, did not subscribe to this hierocratic view.
In spite of occasional convoluted sentences like "conciliar institutionalization of hierocratic authority," Arjomand describes, in some detail, how Khamenehi began to institutionalize his power--even to the detriment of Rafsanjani who had engineered his rise to the pinnacle of power.
It was remarkably close, as others have noted, to medieval hierocratic papal theory.
Tamil politicians have become even more hierocratic with their conduct.
In the final chapter, "The Politics of Election and of Following," Ward uncompromisingly advocates a theocratic approach to political life (though not in a hierocratic form) but from the standpoint that God alone is truly sovereign.
Rather, Jacopone represented a major component in the papalist formulation of a hierocratic ecclesiology, which itself would be exploited by Pope John XXII against the Spirituals.
Has it all simply been suppressed in what comes through as a piece of hierocratic propaganda?
The first one, the theocratic, illustrates a pre-eminent ecclesiastical power, whereas in the second category, within a hierocratic society a secular power is dominant but depends on religious legitimacy.