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 (hī′ər-ə-do͞ol′, -dyo͞ol′)
A slave serving in an ancient temple, as in Greece or Anatolia, in the service of a specific deity.

[Late Latin hierodūlus, from Greek hierodoulos : hieron, temple (from neuter of hieros, holy; see eis- in Indo-European roots) + doulos, slave.]

hi′er·o·du′lic (-do͞o′lĭk, -dyo͞o′-) adj.


(Historical Terms) (in ancient Greece) a temple slave, esp a sacral prostitute
[C19: from Greek hierodoulos, from hiero- + doulos slave]
ˌhieroˈdulic adj


(ˈhaɪ ər əˌdul, -ˌdyul, ˈhaɪ rə-)

(in the ancient world) a slave attached to the temple of a particular deity.
[1825–35; < Greek hieródoulos=hieró(n) temple + doúlos slave]
hi`er•o•du′lic, adj.
References in periodicals archive ?
When a seignior married a hierodule and she gave a female slave to her husband and she has then borne children, if later that female slave has claimed equality with her mistress because she bore children, her mistress may not sell her; she may mark her with the slave-mark and count her among the slaves (Code of Hammurabi, 18th century BCE, #146).
What would society be like, whether under the heinous government of the Cultural Revolution or under democratic rule -- without the prostitute, be she a hierodule as in Gilgamesh, or a kept woman or whore as in Zola's Nana?
These numinous public dance appearances at weddings, circumcisions, funerals, and holiday celebrations are vestigial from earlier days of temple dancers and ritual hierodules.