higher criticism

(redirected from higher critic)
Also found in: Thesaurus, Encyclopedia.

high·er criticism

Critical study of biblical texts to ascertain their literary origins and history and the meaning and intention of the authors.

higher critic n.

higher criticism

(Bible) the use of scientific techniques of literary criticism to establish the sources of the books of the Bible. Compare lower criticism

high′er crit′icism

the study of the Bible having as its object the establishment of such facts as authorship and date of composition, as well as determination of a basis for exegesis.

Higher Criticism

the analysis of Biblical materials that aims to ascertain, from internal evidence, authorship, date, and intent. Cf. Lower Criticism.
See also: Bible
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.higher criticism - the scientific study of biblical writings to determine their origin and meaning
textual criticism - comparison of a particular text with related materials in order to establish authenticity
References in periodicals archive ?
In response to charges that seminary professors did not believe the Bible, Kelley wrote of the SBC: "Instead of using the Bible to reach and win the lost, we are using it to try to destroy each other." (14) In response to a personal charge that Kelley was a "higher critic," he responded, "To charge that everyone who teaches higher criticism is bound to become a theological liberal is as illogical as to say that every gun owner is bound to become a criminal.
Astruc, Eichhorn, and the emerging "higher critics" presumed that the order in which various creation events appear on the page represents the intended chronology in the text.
CUTTING JESUS DOWN TO SIZE: WHAT HIGHER CRITICISM HAS ACHIEVED AND WHERE IT LEAVES CHRISTIANITY comes from a critic who explains the nature and reasoning of 'higher critics', showing how conclusions are honed and the entire process of the higher criticism movement.