histocompatibility antigen


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histocompatibility antigen

n.
Any of numerous cell-surface antigens, such as the human leukocyte antigens, that identify a cell as self or nonself and determine whether a tissue graft will be accepted by a transplant recipient.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

histocompatibility antigen

n
(Biochemistry) a molecule occurring on the surface of tissue cells that can take several different forms. The differences between histocompatibility antigens are inherited and determine organ transplant rejection
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

histocompatibil′ity an`tigen


n.
any antigen on the surface of tissue or blood cells that provokes an immune response and subsequent rejection of the tissue or cell when transplanted to an individual of a different antigenic type.
[1965–70]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Induction of cytotoxic T lymphocytes from peripheral blood of human histocompatibility antigen (HLA)-A31(+) gastric cancer patients by in vitro stimulation with antigenic peptide of signet ring cell carcinoma.
The production rate of [B.sub.2]M varies considerably with immune reactions because it is part of the histocompatibility antigen complex and is produced predominantly by lymphocytes; this may account for the divergent study results (10-12).
Refined structure of the human histocompatibility antigen HLA-A2 at 2.6 A resolution.
A recent study indicated that HEATR1 is an ideal minor histocompatibility antigen that is expressed by leukemia stem cells [20, 34].
Wiley, "Refined structure of the human histocompatibility antigen HLA-A2 at 2.6 A resolution," Journal of Molecular Biology, vol.