, speech acts and language universals," Journal of Child Language, vol.
Formulaic sequences are organized sequentially in real-time production, and they appear in the forms of collocations, clauses, and long phrasal stretches and even holophrases
. It is worth mentioning here that the ensemble of formulaic sequences, regardless of their morphosyntactic variations, account for a large part of normal language use.
are one-word sentences, words that express a complete sentence or clause.
She must be able either to "break down" or to "fill out" her holophrases
so that she can express her communicative intentions in the more linguistically articulated way of adult speakers.
These lines recall Harrison's work on the origin of language: 'Language, after the purely emotional interjection, began with whole sentences, holophrases
, utterances of a relation in which subject and object have not got their heads above water but are submerged in a situation.' (36) The choice of the sign of Ursa Major at the end of the poem, which starts with a call for a holophrase
, represents the importance of that which is outside the divisions of language which were current in the early twentieth century.
An important claim here is that holophrases
, rather than being truncated versions of full utterances, are actually the basic minimal material out of which the more complex structures can be formed.
MWU's have been studied under a plethora of designations: "lexical phrases, multi-word units, fixed phrases, formulaic phrases, chunks, preassembled chunks, prefabricated units, holophrases
, and so on" (Willis 1997).