v. Archaic
A past participle of help.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


archaic a past participle of help
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ˈhoʊl pən)

Chiefly Dial. a past part. of help.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
Mentioned in ?
References in classic literature ?
Nay, the majesty of kings, is rather exalted than diminished, when they are in the chair of counsel; neither was there ever prince, bereaved of his dependences, by his counsel, except where there hath been, either an over-greatness in one counsellor, or an over-strict combination in divers; which are things soon found, and holpen.
Then Sir Kay dressed him for to have holpen Sir Launcelot.
O Rhine-fire's goddess, This wretched trickle Of Kvasir's mead, [poetry] (The last it may be) Thy skald now poureth; Still praying pardon For fainting heart And tongue grown feeble, Since nought he helpeth Nor holpen is he.
Francis Drake Himselfe before his Death, & Much Holpen and Enlarged, by Divers Notes, with his Owne Hand here and there Inserted.
In The Great American Novel from 1973, Roth himself channeled Chaucer's Canterbury voice: "And specially, from every shires ende/Of AMERICA to COOPERSTOWN they wende/The holy BASEBALL HEROES for to seke/ That hem hath holpen whan that they were six."
Many be there holpen through our lordes myght; A chylde of welles raysed fro deth without dout.
It is of widest appeal to literary scholars because Chaucer's pilgrims, like those immortalized in a stained glass window that Koopmans did not include, told tales (orality) on the way to Canterbury, where they went "The hooly blissful martir for to seke / That holpen whan that they were seeke:' The Becket cult emphasized healing and later collections, which were characterized by greater size, variety, and increased precision about names and places, concentrated on healing miracles.
First wol I telle yow of Cambyuskan, That in his tyme many a citee wan; And after wol I speke of Algarsif, How that he wan Theodora to his wif, For whom ful ofte in greet peril he was, Ne hadde he ben holpen by the steede of bras; And after wol I speke of Camhalo, That faught in lystes with the bretheren two For Canacee er that he myghte hire wynne.
Althea complains that: all the fates Shed fire across my eyelids mixed with night, And burn me blind and disilluminate My sense of seeing, and my perspicuous soul Darken with vision; seeing I see not, hear And hearing am not holpen. (ll.
The past participle form holp is an example of the clipped variant of the historical participial holpen. This form appears in the subsequent citation:
euery man may attain by natural reason, holpen forth wyth suche grace as God keepeth fro no man, but from him that by his own defaute, eyther wyl not be consydered." (523, italics mine)
The first three classes in his classification are provided below for comparison: (3) Old English strong verb classes 1-3 (after Levin 1964) Class 1: bidan : bad : bidon : biden 'bide' (a : i) wreon : wrah : wrigon : wrigen 'cover' Class 2: beodan : bead : budon : boden 'command' (ea : u) brucan : breac : brucon : brocen 'use' Class 3: bindan : band : bundon : bundon 'bind' (a : u) helpan : healp : hulpon : holpen 'help' weorpan : wearp : wurpon : worpen 'throw' spurnan : spearn : spurnon : spornen 'spurn' stregdan : stoegd : strugdon : strogden 'strew'