, as the pursuit of life by means other than life, is the appearance of a form of communal existence where the distribution of roles is based not only on genetics but on individual fates [destins] (of existences and their ancestries, which is to say the past as it acts in them) establishing themselves in a history which is no longer that of a simple species.
Offering an operational definition of his concept of hominescence or hominisation
, the philosopher explains, "What is hominization?
Lumley-Woodyear, Henry de (1999), "Hominides et hominisation
," in Edgar Morin (ed.), Relier les connaissances.
 This approach allows for the consideration of religion in its earliest forms and its development over time, including: the process of hominisation
from 2 million--~200 000 years ago; the development of hunter-gatherer religions (200 000-10 000 years ago); religions of early food producers (10 000-6 000 years ago); religions of early state societies with writing, e.g.
Paulo Freire (1985) called this revolutionary process of waking up conscientization, while Teilhard de Chardin called it hominisation
vital to the larger transformations of society; this capacity to reflect, to think, to use our minds.
, and the "Trieb" of Stein's friend, Hedwig
: The Evolutionary Origin of Man as a Theological Problem, Burns &i Oates, Londres.
The story of hominisation
and the Old and Middle Stone ages is a conventional one, but its errors do not affect the main period of this book, the last 10,000 years of our species.