homologous

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ho·mol·o·gous

 (hə-mŏl′ə-gəs, hō-)
adj.
1. Corresponding or similar in position, value, structure, or function.
2. Derived from the same species: a homologous graft.
3. Biology Similar in structure and evolutionary origin, though not necessarily in function, as the flippers of a seal and the hands of a human.
4. Immunology Relating to the correspondence between an antigen and the antibody produced in response to it.
5. Genetics
a. Relating to chromosomes that have the same morphology and linear sequence of gene loci.
b. Relating to genes that are derived from a common ancestor.
6. Chemistry Belonging to or being a series of organic compounds, each successive member of which differs from the preceding member by a constant increment, especially by an added CH2 group.

[From Greek homologos, agreeing : homo-, homo- + logos, word, proportion; see leg- in Indo-European roots.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

homologous

(həʊˈmɒləɡəs; hɒ-) ,

homological

or

homologic

adj
1. having a related or similar position, structure, etc
2. (Chemistry) chem (of a series of organic compounds) having similar characteristics and structure but differing by a number of CH2 groups
3. (Medicine) med
a. (of two or more tissues) identical in structure
b. (of a vaccine) prepared from the infecting microorganism
4. (Biology) biology (of organs and parts) having the same evolutionary origin but different functions: the wing of a bat and the paddle of a whale are homologous. Compare analogous2
5. (Mathematics) maths (of elements) playing a similar role in distinct figures or functions
ˌhomoˈlogically adv
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

ho•mol•o•gous

(həˈmɒl ə gəs, hoʊ-)

adj.
1. having the same or a similar relation; corresponding, as in relative position or structure.
2. Biol. corresponding in structure and in evolutionary origin but not necessarily in function, as the wing of a bird and the foreleg of a horse (opposed to analogous).
3. having the same alleles or genes in the same order of arrangement.
4. of the same chemical type, but differing by a fixed increment of an atom or a constant group of atoms.
5. pertaining to an antigen and its specific antibody.
[1650–60; < Medieval Latin homologus < Greek homólogos agreeing; see homo-, -logous]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

ho·mol·o·gous

(hə-mŏl′ə-gəs)
1. Similar in structure and evolutionary origin but having different functions, as a human's arm and a seal's flipper. Compare analogous.
2. Being a set of two pairs of chromosomes, one pair from the female parent and one from the male parent, having genes for the same trait in the same positions. Genes on homologous chromosomes may not have the same form, however. For example, one set of homologous chromosomes may contain a gene for brown eyes and the other for blue eyes.
The American Heritage® Student Science Dictionary, Second Edition. Copyright © 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Adj.1.homologous - having the same evolutionary origin but not necessarily the same function; "the wing of a bat and the arm of a man are homologous"
biological science, biology - the science that studies living organisms
analogous - corresponding in function but not in evolutionary origin; "the wings of a bee and those of a hummingbird are analogous"
heterologic, heterological, heterologous - not corresponding in structure or evolutionary origin
2.homologous - corresponding or similar in position or structure or function or characteristics; especially derived from an organism of the same species; "a homologous tissue graft"
autologous - derived from organisms of the selfsame individual; "autologous blood donation"
heterologous - derived from organisms of a different but related species; "a heterologous graft"
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.

homologous

adjective similar, like, corresponding, related, correspondent, parallel, comparable, analogous The homologous chromosomes remain attached to each other.
Collins Thesaurus of the English Language – Complete and Unabridged 2nd Edition. 2002 © HarperCollins Publishers 1995, 2002
Translations
homolog

homologous

adjhomolog
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007

homologous

[həʊˈmɒləgəs] adjomologo/a
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995

ho·mol·o·gous

a. homólogo-a, similar en estructura y origen pero no en funcionamiento.
English-Spanish Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
This underlying logic, which Bourdieu (2004b) applied more directly to the French academic field, is still very pertinent as it can be the homologously adapted to investigate the reasons for Sustainability ethics to face its barriers.
According to the "spherical" theory, the two originally separate embryonic discs fuse always homologously either dorsally at the closing neural folds or ventrally at structures surrounding a common yolk sac.
Grammatical form also falls into homologously quadratic paradigms (word, phrase, clause, sentence, etc.).