Scutellum shape (sagittal view) and the number of differentiated primordial leaves are more homoplastic
(2011), optimizations are as follows: characters 36 (plumose setae on coxae) and 37 (plumose setae on trochanters) emerged as homoplastic
synapomorphies that support the clades (Lasiodora + Nhandu + Proshapalopus + Pterinopelma + Vitalius) and (Acanthoscurria juruenicola + A.
Stephomyia is a monophyletic genus, supported by eight synapomorphies, five homoplastic
: ovipositor shorter than abdomen (19), none lateral facial papillae (27), abdominal dorsal spines absent (30), gall longer than large (37); and three non-homoplastic: male circumfila sinuous (8), gonostylus short and triangular (10), female cerci: completely fused (23).
Radivoj Topolac "Using alo, auto and homoplastic
material in tympanoplasty "
loss of dart apparatus, phylogeny of the genera, and a phylogenetic taxonomy of the Helminthoglyptidae (Gastropoda: Pulmonata).
Since making direct comparisons in terms of fit is not easy to be interpreted, differences in fit were translated to the number of mean homoplastic
character with an extra step added (that is, [[bar.x].sub.+ 1]).
Figure 3 shows that the bacteria species and the bands quantity were homoplastic
in the same layer of the bedding, which suggested that the experiment process in this paper had good reproducibility.
However, none of the homoplastic
characters that combine to define the order can be checked in the specimen.
Regions with a significant signal of recombination were excluded, as were highly homoplastic
sites (as inferred in PAUP 4.0b10 [Sinauer Associates, Inc., Sunderland, MA, USA]; rescaled consistency index <1) indicative of nonneutral evolution, recombination, or ambiguous SNP calls.
(6,7) Studies have found a genetic predisposition to ototoxicity that involves a homoplastic
A1555G point mutation on 12s rRNA in mitochondrial DNA, with maternal inheritance in Asian descents responsible.