For the first time in the history of the summit, leaders were unable to issue a final communique - not even an anodyne, meaningless announcement with hortative
language and loose wording capable of meaning almost anything.
(23) One narrative mode is typology, which Spiegel noted is primarily linked with a hortative
concern of writing history for the sake of moral edification.
In "Humour and Misogyny in Giovanni Della Casa's Quaestio lepidissima: an uxor sit ducendo" (77-90), Manuela Scarci examines a little known treatise (in the form of a hortative
speech) by Giovanni Della Casa, which questions the necessity and usefulness of marriage.
Infinitives serve (a) as main verbs in hortative
mood, expressing exhortatives (orders and prohibitions), often in addressing children or pets, e.g.
To improve the performance of the information propagation, one can yield some hortative
measures to encourage the nodes in network keeping the message for more time.
From a dramatistic perspective, however, Burke is of the opinion that emphasis shouled be laid on the hortative
negative (which expresses an urging: language is essentially hortative
, that is to say it is a medium by which people can get to some form of cooperation with each other): "Thou shalt not [do something]." This is because the negative begins not as a source of information or definition, but as a command (like "Don't [do something]"), its scientistic potentialities developing only later.
The full set of speaker-oriented modality consists of imperative, prohibitive, optative, hortative
, admonitive, and permissive.
The underlying tone behind the approach of governments is largely hortative
and punitive, within a thinly veiled deficit and victim-blaming mentality.
(28.) Judith Pascoe observes that Landon is "more interested in theatrical effect than hortative
value." See Romantic Theatricality: Gender, Poetry, and Spectatorship (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1997), 235.
(32) Also, possibly, the hortative
subjunctive of the Greek for 'I go': 'let me go!'
This construction only occurs in hortative
or imperative speech acts, where T is clause initial, indicating its use is conditioned by a particular speech situation.
Guan's elaboration turned the submarine metaphor into a hortative
and disciplinary discourse aimed at getting maximum productivity out of people.