hostage


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hos·tage

 (hŏs′tĭj)
n.
1. A person held by one party in a conflict as security that specified terms will be met by the opposing party.
2. One that serves as security against an implied threat: superpowers held hostage to each other by their nuclear arsenals.
3. One that is under the constraining control of another: "In becoming a mother one becomes a hostage to fortune" (Janna Malamud Smith).

[Middle English, from Old French, probably from host, guest, host; see host1.]

hostage

(ˈhɒstɪdʒ)
n
1. a person given to or held by a person, organization, etc, as a security or pledge or for ransom, release, exchange for prisoners, etc
2. the state of being held as a hostage
3. any security or pledge
4. give hostages to fortune to place oneself in a position in which misfortune may strike through the loss of what one values most
[C13: from Old French, from hoste guest, host1]

hos•tage

(ˈhɒs tɪdʒ)

n.
1. a person given or held as security for the fulfillment of certain conditions or terms, promises, etc., by another.
2. Archaic. a security or pledge.
[1225–75; Middle English < Old French hostage]

hostage

- First referred to the state of someone handed over as a pledge or security (for the fulfillment of an undertaking).
See also related terms for security.

hostage

A person held as a pledge that certain terms or agreements will be kept. (The taking of hostages is forbidden under the Geneva Conventions, 1949.)
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.hostage - a prisoner who is held by one party to insure that another party will meet specified termshostage - a prisoner who is held by one party to insure that another party will meet specified terms
captive, prisoner - a person who is confined; especially a prisoner of war

hostage

noun captive, prisoner, pledge, pawn, security, surety the man they were holding as a hostage
Translations
رَهِينَةٌرَهينَه
rukojmí
gidsel
panttivanki
talac
túsz
hostageostage
gísl
人質
인질
įkaitaslaikyti įkaitupaimti įkaitu
ķīlnieks
rukojemník
talec
gisslan
ตัวประกัน
con tin

hostage

[ˈhɒstɪdʒ] Nrehén mf
to take sb hostagetomar or (LAm) agarrar a algn como rehén

hostage

[ˈhɒstɪdʒ] notage m
to take sb hostage → prendre qn en otage
to be taken hostage → être pris(e) en otage
to be held hostage → être retenu(e) en otagehost computer nordinateur m hôtehost country n
[conference, sports event] → pays m d'accueil
[immigrant] → pays m d'accueil

hostage

nGeisel f; to take/hold somebody hostagejdn als Geisel nehmen/halten; to take hostagesGeiseln nehmen

hostage

:
hostage-taker
nGeiselnehmer(in) m(f)
hostage-taking
nGeiselnahme f

hostage

[ˈhɒstɪdʒ] nostaggio
to take sb hostage → prendere qn in ostaggio

hostage

(ˈhostidʒ) noun
a person who is held prisoner in order to ensure that the captor's demands etc will be carried out. The terrorists took three people with them as hostages; They took / were holding three people hostage.
take/hold (someone) hostage
to take or keep (someone) as a hostage. The police were unable to attack the terrorists because they were holding three people hostage.

hostage

رَهِينَةٌ rukojmí gidsel Geisel όμηρος rehén panttivanki otage talac ostaggio 人質 인질 gijzelaar gissel zakładnik refém заложник gisslan ตัวประกัน rehine con tin 人质
References in classic literature ?
And if you want to know about number four, and that boy, why, shiver my timbers, isn't he a hostage? Are we a-going to waste a hostage?
Off he went wid that fit in his little head an' a dose of fever, an nothin' would suit but givin' you the dog as a hostage."
With her as hostage I could force acquiescence to my every demand.
...He was a hostage....But I could not keep him in the house on the lake, either, because of Christine; so I locked him up comfortably, I chained him up nicely--a whiff of the Mazenderan scent had left him as limp as a rag--in the Communists' dungeon, which is in the most deserted and remote part of the Opera, below the fifth cellar, where no one ever comes, and where no one ever hears you.
In the monarchy of Great Britain, it furnishes a substitute for the prohibited responsibility of the chief magistrate, which serves in some degree as a hostage to the national justice for his good behavior.
The great emporium of its commerce, the great reservoir of its wealth, lies every moment at the mercy of events, and may almost be regarded as a hostage for ignominious compliances with the dictates of a foreign enemy, or even with the rapacious demands of pirates and barbarians.
"I say that she is a hostage for the Parisians," answered the cardinal.
They would, they said, send an escort of Sagoths with me to fetch the precious document from its hiding-place, keeping Dian at Phutra as a hostage and releasing us both the moment that the document was safely restored to their queen.
Then ye may not do better, good folk, than gather and hear the tale I have to tell, sith it concerneth you, forasmuch as ye go to find that ye will not find, and seek that ye will seek in vain, my life being hostage for my word, and my word and message being these, namely: That a hap has happened where- of the like has not been seen no more but once this two hundred years, which was the first and last time that that said misfortune strake the holy valley in that form by commandment of the Most High whereto by reasons just and causes thereunto contributing, wherein the matter --"
'What we want,' says Miss Lackland, 'is a hostage.'"
When I showed myself to the two hostages, it was with the captain, who told them I was the person the governor had ordered to look after them; and that it was the governor's pleasure they should not stir anywhere but by my direction; that if they did, they would be fetched into the castle, and be laid in irons: so that as we never suffered them to see me as governor, I now appeared as another person, and spoke of the governor, the garrison, the castle, and the like, upon all occasions.
HE THAT hath wife and children hath given hostages to fortune; for they are impediments to great enterprises, either of virtue or mischief.