In the present study, majority of cases of respiratory distress were due to meconium aspiration syndrome followed by hyaline membrane disease
. In the study by Clark et al,  the majority of cases were hyaline membrane disease
followed by meconium aspiration syndrome.
Keenan, "Hyaline membrane disease
: the role of ethnicity and maternal risk characteristics," American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol.
Caption: FIGURE 1: Chest radiographs of neonate showing features of hyaline membrane disease
on day 1 of life and typical features of left upper lobe congenital lobar emphysema (CLE) on day 25 of life.
The significance of grunting in hyaline membrane disease
. Pediatrics 1968;41(3):549-559.
Prompt and early referral for lifesaving treatments, such as surfactant for hyaline membrane disease
, and therapeutic hypothermia for asphyxia, is critical.
Primary etiology included pneumonia and sepsis (30%), hyaline membrane disease
(20%), (out of which half receive no surfactant therapy for not achieving British Association of Perinatal Medicine [BAPM] guidelines), meconium aspiration syndrome (20%), and congenital diaphragmatic hernia (10%).
At the time of the tragedy, Jackie was still mourning the loss of (http://www.cbsnews.com/2300-250_162-5111396-5.html) Patrick Bouvier Kennedy , her third child who died of hyaline membrane disease
on Aug 7, 1963-just two days after he was born.
Hyaline Membrane Disease
(neonatal respiratory distress syndrome) was the main cause of death at birth for all the years studied.
On the other extreme, the chapter on hyaline membrane disease
describe outcome in Indian children, quoting on unconnected American Academy of Pediatrics reference.
In the neonatal period, pulmonary oedema is often mistaken for primary pulmonary pathology such as surfactant deficiency syndrome (hyaline membrane disease
), transient tachypnea of the newborn or infection on chest radiographs.
Positive correlation between mature amniotic fluid optical density reading and the absence of neonatal hyaline membrane disease
. J Reprod Med.