For the mother, GDM is associated with hypertensive disorders, infections, hydramnios
, and increased risk for developing type 2 diabetes later in life.
Antenatal ladies with multiple pregnancy, hydramnios
, and any other pregnancy-related disorders.
The first described report with triple X was a foetus; hydramnios
, unilateral cleft lip and palate and also a sandal gap in both feet were detected prenatally at 26-27 weeks of gestation.
Sonography revealed generalized fetal hydrops at 23 weeks, with ascites, skin edema (mainly upper body), and mild pericardial effusion but no hydramnios
. Maternal blood was Rhesus+ and there was no fetomaternal Rhesus incompatibility.
: anomaly prevalence and sonographic detection," Obstretics & Gynecology, vol.
Another possible cause would be hydatiform mole, as well as pregnancy-induced hypertension, hydramnios
and abruption of the placenta (Miller et al, 1989, p 156).
is suspected clinically in up to 12% of multiple pregnancies and is associated with an increased risk of preterm labour.
Excessive accumulation of fluid either amniotic or allantoic sac referred as hydramnios
or hydrallantois, respectively (Noakes, 2009).
There was no significant difference between the groups regarding placenta previa gestational diabetes oligo hydramnios
and intrauterine growth retardation.
prediction of adverse perinatal outcome.
The exclusion criteria were: history of hypertensive disorders and major cardiac disease, diabetese, poly hydramnios
, cases of antepartum haemorrhage, foetal anomaly, foetal distress and intrauterine death, and uterine anomalies like bicornuate uterus or uterine fibroids.
28 to 30 weeks), oligo hydramnios
, and multiple gestations.