hydrocarbon


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hy·dro·car·bon

 (hī′drə-kär′bən)
n.
Any of numerous organic compounds, such as benzene and methane, that contain only carbon and hydrogen.

hy′dro·car′bo·na′ceous (-bə-nā′shəs), hy′dro·car·bon′ic (-bŏn′ĭk), hy′dro·car′bon·ous (-bə-nəs) adj.

hydrocarbon

(ˌhaɪdrəʊˈkɑːbən)
n
(Elements & Compounds) any organic compound containing only carbon and hydrogen, such as the alkanes, alkenes, alkynes, terpenes, and arenes

hy•dro•car•bon

(ˌhaɪ drəˈkɑr bən, ˈhaɪ drəˌkɑr-)

n.
any of a class of aliphatic, cyclic, or aromatic compounds containing only hydrogen and carbon, as methane or benzene.
[1820–30]
hy`dro•car`bo•na′ceous, adj.

hy·dro·car·bon

(hī′drə-kär′bən)
Any of numerous organic compounds, such as benzene, that contain only carbon and hydrogen.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.hydrocarbon - an organic compound containing only carbon and hydrogen
chlorobenzene - a colorless volatile flammable liquid with an almond odor that is made from chlorine and benzene; used as a solvent and in the production of phenol and DDT and other organic compounds
aromatic compound - a hydrocarbon containing one or more benzene rings that are characteristic of the benzene series of compounds
gasohol - a gasoline substitute consisting of 90% gasoline and 10% grain alcohol from corn
gasolene, gasoline, petrol, gas - a volatile flammable mixture of hydrocarbons (hexane and heptane and octane etc.) derived from petroleum; used mainly as a fuel in internal-combustion engines
coal oil, kerosene, kerosine, lamp oil - a flammable hydrocarbon oil used as fuel in lamps and heaters
organic compound - any compound of carbon and another element or a radical
aromatic hydrocarbon - a hydrocarbon that contains one or more benzene rings that are characteristic of the benzene series of organic compounds
indene - a colorless liquid hydrocarbon extracted from petroleum or coal tar and used in making synthetic resins
cymene - any of three isotopes of a colorless aromatic liquid hydrocarbon occurring in the volatile oil of cumin and thyme and used in the manufacture of synthetic resins
dioxin - any of several toxic or carcinogenic hydrocarbons that occur as impurities in herbicides
C2H6, ethane - a colorless odorless alkane gas used as fuel
bottled gas, liquefied petroleum gas - hydrocarbon gases, usually propane or butane, kept under pressure
bitumen - any of various naturally occurring impure mixtures of hydrocarbons
butadiene - a gaseous hydrocarbon C4H6; used in making synthetic rubbers
naphtha - any of various volatile flammable liquid hydrocarbon mixtures; used chiefly as solvents
naphthalene - a white crystalline strong-smelling hydrocarbon made from coal tar or petroleum and used in organic synthesis and as a fumigant in mothballs
pyrene - a pale yellow crystalline hydrocarbon C16H10 extracted from coal tar
octane - any isomeric saturated hydrocarbon found in petroleum and used as a fuel and solvent
gas oil - an oil formed through distillation of petroleum of intermediate boiling range and viscosity
terpene - an unsaturated hydrocarbon obtained from plants
provitamin - vitamin precursor; a substance that is converted into a vitamin in animal tissues

hydrocarbon

noun

Hydrocarbons

alkane, alkene, alkyne, arene, cetane, cubane, cycloalkane, cyclopentadiene, cyclopropane, diene, decane, indene, isooctane, naphthalene, octane, pentane, pyrene, retene, stilbene, triptane, xylene
Translations
hiilivety
kolvatnsefnikolvetnivetniskol
炭化水素
ogļūdeņradis
hydrokarbon
węglowodór
kolväte

hydrocarbon

[ˌhaɪdrəʊˈkɑːbən] Nhidrocarburo m

hydrocarbon

[ˌhaɪdrəʊˈkɑːrbən] nhydrocarbure mhydrochloric acid [ˌhaɪdrəklɒrɪkˈæsɪd] nacide m chlorhydrique

hydrocarbon

[ˈhaɪdrəʊˈkɑːbən] nidrocarburo

hydrocarbon

n hidrocarburo
References in classic literature ?
When I had succeeded in dissolving the hydrocarbon which I was at work at, I came back to our problem of the Sholtos, and thought the whole matter out again.
In this month's issue, researchers from the University of Cincinnati and the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health dig deeper into this issue with an investigation designed to examine the potential effects of low-dose hydrocarbon exposure on endocrine production of reproductive hormones in women [EHP 110:805-811].
The first open national and international tender for the hydrocarbon exploration and development was held by the National Agency for the Valorisation of Hydrocarbons Resources (ALNAFT).
For instance, a similar radar reflection might be received from a smooth surface of solid hydrocarbon or water ice mixed with a few rougher patches, he says.
The study, conducted at the Parkinson Institute in Milan, Italy, included 188 patients with Parkinson disease who also reported significant past exposure to hydrocarbon solvents, found in many common products such as paints, glues, and petroleum derivatives.
LAS VEGAS -- PetroSense announced today the release of the PetroSentry and the PetroCheck PHA Plus as additions to its premium line of products for the detection of hydrocarbon events in process and produced water.
There's a strong chemical interaction between naturally emitted hydrocarbons and vehicle-produced nitrogen oxides, says UC-Berkeley's Allen Goldstein, who has collaborated with Cohen.
PetroLuxus[TM] has a unique affinity for hydrocarbons that disperses rapidly upon treatment eliminating the interfacial surface tension between hydrocarbons and all matter it contacts including sand, clay, rock, shale.
Weaker hydrocarbon production appears to have bottomed out and historically government spending has been stronger in the second half of the year, aiding non-hydrocarbon growth.
7pps, reflecting Qatars movement up the hydrocarbon value chain towards refined petroleum products and petrochemicals.
Table 2 shows the rate of degradation of total hydrocarbon during various incubation periods.
Despite the importance of hydrocarbon contamination of the city coast, a few scattered studies were done in restricted coastal areas and as total hydrocarbons in most cases [6, 7 and 8].