When he was two, he had to have a shunt fitted to drain the fluid out of his brain caused by his Hydrocephaly
A total of 14 congenital malformations were reported through SINAVE: suspected microcephaly (n = 9), anencephaly (n = 1), hydrocephaly
(n = 1), palate fissure (n = 1), "small heart" (n = 1), and other or unspecified (n = 1).
Many malformations have been reported in association with triploidy including hydrocephaly
and syndictyly, especially of the third and fourth fingers, low set ears, cleft lip/palate, clubfeet which are present in about two third of the triploid fetuses in addition to the remarkable IUGR, which does not affect the head as severely as the body.
In this study, the most common rare risk factor was CNS infection (1.5%), which was followed by congenital metabolic diseases (1.2%), and encephalopathy and hydrocephaly
(8) Toxoplasmosis is associated with fetal abnormalities like hydrocephaly
, anomalies of the central nervous system, symmetric fetal growth retardation, and nonimmune hydrops.
[14,83] D and X can be particularly salutary when severe malformation necessitates LTOP, such as in cases of hydrocephaly
, an abnormality that can only be ascertained during the final stages of pregnancy.
The most common associated malformations were cardiac pathologies (4) and pectus carinatum (2) whereas there was also one from each subsequent pathology; Chilaiditi syndrome, thymoma, hydrocephaly
, gastroesophageal reflux and corrected hiatal hernia.
At the last cUS, gestational age, extensive cystic periventricular leukomalacia (c-PVL), and moderate and severe hydrocephaly
are significantly correlated with MDI (OR = 0.292, 60.220, and 170.375, P = 0.004, 0.003, and 0.000, respectively).
Besides microcephaly--the most visible manifestation of the syndrome--they may have, among others: brain calcifications, epilepsy, auditory and visual impairments, delays in psycho-motor development, dysphagia, hypertonia, ventriculomegaly and hydrocephaly
. Although no one can say exactly how they will develop, many of these children will likely need specialized care for the rest of their lives.
1H), distorted axis (25.20%), hydrocephaly
(9.43%), exencephaly (8.06%), kyphosis (8.32%) and hygroma (45.20%).
Approximately 95% of newborns die of heart failure and the remaining 5% die of hydrocephaly
, subarachnoidal bleeding, or intraventricular bleeding.
Most commonly documented lesions were generally encephalomalacia, hydrocephaly
and brain atrophy with a percent of 5.90 (13 cases), 5.45 (12 cases) and 4.55 (10 cases) respectively.