hydrocephaly


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Related to hydrocephaly: meningitis, microcephaly, cretinism, spina bifida

hy·dro·ceph·a·lus

 (hī′drō-sĕf′ə-ləs) also hy·dro·ceph·a·ly (-lē)
n.
A usually congenital condition in which an abnormal accumulation of fluid in the cerebral ventricles causes enlargement of the skull and compression of the brain, destroying much of the neural tissue.

[New Latin, from Greek hudrokephalon : hudro-, hydro- + kephalē, head; see ghebh-el- in Indo-European roots.]

hy′dro·ce·phal′ic (-sə-făl′ĭk), hy′dro·ceph′a·loid′ (-loid′), hy′dro·ceph′a·lous (-ləs) adj.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.hydrocephaly - an abnormal condition in which cerebrospinal fluid collects in the ventricles of the brain; in infants it can cause abnormally rapid growth of the head and bulging fontanelles and a small face; in adults the symptoms are primarily neurological
abnormalcy, abnormality - an abnormal physical condition resulting from defective genes or developmental deficiencies
References in periodicals archive ?
This study evaluated the two types of Persian cats, the traditional doll-face and the newer Peke-face, for a correlation between brachycephalic (short-faced) traits and internal hydrocephaly, or abnormal accumulation of cerebrospinal fluid (the fluid that bathes the brain and spinal cord) in the brain.
The 2 latter patients died after discharge: 1 neonate, born at 26 weeks, had Down's syndrome, and the other, born at 30 weeks, had hydrocephaly.
Hydrocephaly, resorptions and edema were found in highest (44g/g B.
Various clinical presentations of AOS include oligohydramnios, cutis marmorata, upper limb micromelia and brachypodia, acrania, microcephaly, palatine or auricular malformations, intracranial calcifications, hydrocephaly, arhinencephaly, spina bifida, epilepsy, mental retardation, anatomic bronchial anomalies, renal abnormalities, and cardiovascular anomalies such as bicuspid aortic valve, atrial septal defect, Shone's complex, aortic valve stenosis, hypoplastic left heart syndrome, tetralogy of Fallot, double outlet right ventricle, portal hypertension and pulmonary hypertension.
At age 2 months, the boy had flat facial profile, hypotonia, ichthyosis, cataracts, asymmetric rhizomelic shortening, aortic coarctation, marked generalized stippled calcifications, vertebral segmentation defects, developmental delay and moderate hydrocephaly requiring shunt.
Morphological anomalies found in the present study were in the head region such as microcephaly, anencephaly, exencephaly, hydrocephaly.
106) In addition to ZIKV, microcephaly is particularly common with congenital CMV, Toxoplasma, rubella, and herpes simplex virus infections; calcifications are most common with CMV and Toxoplasma, and Toxoplasma frequently has a nodular distribution of lesions and hydrocephaly.
He said Zika, which is transmitted through the bite of the Aedes aegypti mosquito, the same species responsible for dengue and chikungunya, is feared to cause hydrocephaly on children born by infected mothers.
In a recent systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies, influenza or influenza-like illness in the first trimester was associated with an increased risk of congenital fetal abnormalities such as cleft lip, neural tube defects, hydrocephaly, and congenital heart defects.
Furthermore, the patients' records were analyzed for the presence of neonatal and maternal risk factors such as gestational age, birth weight, APGAR scores at 1 and 5 minutes, mode of delivery, gender, multiples pregnancy, preeclampsia, maternal diabetes, early membrane rupture, placenta ablatio, blood transfusion, clinical sepsis, respiratory distress syndrome, necrotizing enterocolitis, intracranial hemorrhage, hydrocephaly, and assisted conception techniques.
R T PLED 14 1,2, 4 Slowing of Hydrocephaly, Post traumatic background rhythyms, L P encephalomalacia L CT, L PO porencephalic epileptiform anomaly cyst, atrophy 3.
Infants were considered symptomatic if they showed any clinical sign and symptoms suggestive of congenital CMV infection that included intrauterine growth retardation, hepatosplenomegaly, hydrocephaly, microcephaly, skin petechiae/purpura, thrombocytopenia (platelet countless than 100000/mm3), jaundice with direct bilirubin (>3mg/dL), alanine aminotransferase (ALT) elevation (>80IU/L), pneumonia and poor sucking.