Moreover, the animating principle of nature entails the concept of plastic nature--a concept that can be interpreted according to hylozoism
and atomism (Beach 60)--whose spirit has the power of shaping the matter of the universe and directing its motion and producing phenomena which cannot be accounted for on mere mechanical grounds.
in the fifth Letter), hylozoism
Immanent teleology notwithstanding, it continues to verge on the hylozoism
identified elsewhere as "the death of all rational physiology, and indeed of all physical science" [Works 7, 1:131-32).
Science abounds with abiogenetic models; philosophers pitch in with hylozoism
, panpsychism, holism, and various other enticing metaphysical theories.
The essays helpfully contextualize the study of automata in a range of early modern philosophical, aesthetic, and religious discourses and practices: Cartesian metaphysics and Lucretian atomism, botany and hylozoism
, the Protestant distrust of liturgical set forms, royal pageantry, and anti-theatrical sentiment.
The conceptual roots of his studio's work lie in "hylozoism
,", the ancient belief that all matter has life.
The theistic existentialist Karl Jaspers, teacher and colleague of Hannah Arendt, presents the issue of spirituality, perception, and consciousness in these terms: "Thus we find a great number of metaphysical attitudes, which have been known as materialism (everything is matter and mechanical process), spiritualism (everything is spirit), hylozoism
(the cosmos is a living spiritual substance), and so on.
"Die Verknupfung des Spinotzism und Hylozoism
wurde die Vereinigung des Materialism und Theism herbeyfuhren." --Novalis, "Logologische Fragmente" (HA 2:529).
According to the latter hypothesis, Melissus, having been born on the island of Samos, continued to advocate the Ionian philosophical predilections which, underpinned by hylozoism
and the theory of prime matter, had debarred Mileasians of seeing anything but imperfection in infinity.
Here, too, the readings of poetry are perceptive and critically engaged; moreover, the argument is bolstered by a subtle analysis of Christian hylozoism
and natural philosophy that holds the prospect of historically grounding the notion of a seventeenth-century ecology.
Over several decades he refined a peculiar brand of materialistic Monism, based partly on Darwin, inflected by a socialism derived in part from Marx, and influenced by Spinozan pantheism--a "volatile" mixture of "materialism, mechanism, hylozoism
, idealism and, to some degree, vitalism" (Holt 1971:268).
To begin with, any inquiry into the unsolvable equally decries in Frank's mind the Platonic separation of the material world and ideas, the Aristotelean hylozoism
, Spinoza's pantheism, and the Cartesian division into subject and object.