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The philosophical doctrine holding that all matter has life, which is a property or derivative of matter.

[Greek hūlē, matter + Greek zōē, life; see gwei- in Indo-European roots + -ism.]

hy′lo·zo′ic adj.
hy′lo·zo′ist n.
hy′lo·zo·is′tic (-zō-ĭs′tĭk) adj.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(Philosophy) the philosophical doctrine that life is one of the properties of matter
[C17: hylo- + Greek zōē life]
ˌhyloˈzoic adj
ˌhyloˈzoist n
ˌhylozoˈistic adj
ˌhylozoˈistically adv
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ˌhaɪ ləˈzoʊ ɪz əm)

the philosophical doctrine that matter is inseparable from life, which is a property of matter.
[1670–80; < Greek hyl(ē) matter, wood + -o- -o- + zō(ḗ) life + -ism]
hy`lo•zo′ic, adj.
hy`lo•zo′ist, n.
hy`lo•zo•is′tic, adj.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.


Philosophy. the doctrine that all matter has life. — hylozoist, n. — hylozoistic, adj.
See also: Matter
-Ologies & -Isms. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Moreover, the animating principle of nature entails the concept of plastic nature--a concept that can be interpreted according to hylozoism and atomism (Beach 60)--whose spirit has the power of shaping the matter of the universe and directing its motion and producing phenomena which cannot be accounted for on mere mechanical grounds.
in the fifth Letter), hylozoism and transmigration.
Immanent teleology notwithstanding, it continues to verge on the hylozoism identified elsewhere as "the death of all rational physiology, and indeed of all physical science" [Works 7, 1:131-32).
Science abounds with abiogenetic models; philosophers pitch in with hylozoism, panpsychism, holism, and various other enticing metaphysical theories.
The essays helpfully contextualize the study of automata in a range of early modern philosophical, aesthetic, and religious discourses and practices: Cartesian metaphysics and Lucretian atomism, botany and hylozoism, the Protestant distrust of liturgical set forms, royal pageantry, and anti-theatrical sentiment.
The conceptual roots of his studio's work lie in "hylozoism,", the ancient belief that all matter has life.
The theistic existentialist Karl Jaspers, teacher and colleague of Hannah Arendt, presents the issue of spirituality, perception, and consciousness in these terms: "Thus we find a great number of metaphysical attitudes, which have been known as materialism (everything is matter and mechanical process), spiritualism (everything is spirit), hylozoism (the cosmos is a living spiritual substance), and so on.
According to the latter hypothesis, Melissus, having been born on the island of Samos, continued to advocate the Ionian philosophical predilections which, underpinned by hylozoism and the theory of prime matter, had debarred Mileasians of seeing anything but imperfection in infinity.
Here, too, the readings of poetry are perceptive and critically engaged; moreover, the argument is bolstered by a subtle analysis of Christian hylozoism and natural philosophy that holds the prospect of historically grounding the notion of a seventeenth-century ecology.
Over several decades he refined a peculiar brand of materialistic Monism, based partly on Darwin, inflected by a socialism derived in part from Marx, and influenced by Spinozan pantheism--a "volatile" mixture of "materialism, mechanism, hylozoism, idealism and, to some degree, vitalism" (Holt 1971:268).
To begin with, any inquiry into the unsolvable equally decries in Frank's mind the Platonic separation of the material world and ideas, the Aristotelean hylozoism, Spinoza's pantheism, and the Cartesian division into subject and object.