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The philosophical doctrine holding that all matter has life, which is a property or derivative of matter.

[Greek hūlē, matter + Greek zōē, life; see gwei- in Indo-European roots + -ism.]

hy′lo·zo′ic adj.
hy′lo·zo′ist n.
hy′lo·zo·is′tic (-zō-ĭs′tĭk) adj.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
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Against the hylozoist vision of the revised "The Eolian Harp," this essay leads Coleridge, not to the one life in nature and in humankind, but to the brink of "that thin yet impassible Chasm" dividing inorganic from organic matter (Works n, 2:1193).
Witkacy adds: Schulz loves matter, which for him is the highest substance, but not in a physical sense (which makes him close to me philosophically); for him there is no opposition between matter and spirit, they constitute a unity: "There is no dead matter--lifelessness is only a disguise behind which hide unknown forms of life"--now this is a confession of a monadologist (or rather monadist) or hylozoist. But the quotation in question would be no more than a rather murky statement, vaguely philosophical, if it were not woven into entire series of real happenings in which the word "becomes flesh." (46)
It is an Aristotelian, golden middle between the mechanicist at one extreme and the pure (nonontological) constructivist at the other: Like Aristotle, Peirce is a synechist ("matter" is continuous) and a hylozoist ("matter" has an internal cognitive-emotional aspect).