These causes include vitamin D deficiency, malabsorption, hypogonadism, hypercalciuria
, and myeloma.
5 mg/dL, history of diseases like nephrolithiasis, hypercalciuria
, malignancy, tuberculosis, sarcoidosis, Paget's disease, malabsorption syndromes on medical records, patients of renal insufficiency diagnosed on the basis of renal profile, presence of proximal myopathy and pregnant patients were excluded.
(24-hour urinary calcium > 300 mg/dL) was seen in 8 (26.
Conclusion: High salt diet exerted harmful effects on bones due to increased sodium chloride induced hypercalciuria
leading to bone loss.
Exactly how this dysfunction produces the phenotype of hypercalciuria
Men with hypercalciuria
, a disorder that causes too much calcium to be excreted in urine, also are more susceptible to bone loss.
Study exclusions included osteomalacia, malabsorption, hyperparathyroidism, active kidney stones, history of hypercalciuria
, cancer, incurable disease, dementia, severe chronic illness (renal or liver failure), recent stroke or fracture, and drugs that affect bone metabolism.
The relationship between hypercalciuria
and metabolic acidosis is further confirmed by population studies, in which urinary calcium excretion is lower when the urine is more alkaline, whereas more acidic urine is associated with higher urinary calcium.
is an important distinguishing marker between Bartter's and Gitelman syndrome.
Since dietary oxalate intake accounts for such a small amount of the oxalates actually found in the urine of people who form calcium oxalate stones, it is now fairly well accepted that dietary restriction of oxalate-containing foods is not a viable therapeutic intervention to prevent stone formation, except in a few rare circumstances: hypercalciuria
type II and hyperoxaluria (primary and enteric).
Although several studies have examined the relationship between vitamin D supplementation (VDS) and hypercalciuria
, evidence remains limited and contradictory on whether a correlation exists between both conditions.
Gender, age in years, and age grouping were demographic while presence of hypercalciuria
, hyperoxaluria, hyperuricosuria and hypocitraturia were research variables.