hyperchloremia


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Related to hyperchloremia: hyperkalemia, hypochloremia
Translations

hy·per·chlor·e·mi·a

n. hipercloremia, exceso de cloruros en la sangre.
References in periodicals archive ?
6) Severe hyperchloremia refers to a chloride serum level: (4)
During the hospital stay, blood biochemical examination showed normal liver and renal functions but significant hyperkalemia, hyperchloremia, and metabolic acidosis [Table 1].
Complications observed included hyperchloremia (35.94%), hypokalemia (30.81%), hyponatremia (26.70%), cerebral edema (16.43%), shock (13.35%), acute kidney injury (10.27%), arrhythmias (3.8%), and thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura (5.4%), while one patient had myocarditis and ARDS each.
They also described a patient with BS type 1 that presented hypernatremia, hyperchloremia, and a severe urinary concentration defect mimicking NDI, as in our case report.
Thirty-one (51.7%) women had electrolyte abnormalities: 24 (77.4%) hyperchloremia (>107 mmol/L), 2 (6.5%) hyponatremia (<135 mmol/L), and 5 (16.1%) hypokalemia (<3.5 mmol/L).
Typical findings of type 1 distal RTA (dRTA) include low serum bicarbonate, normal serum anion gap, hyperchloremia and hypokalemia.
The goal is to correct the dehydration, to reverse the hyponatremia and the relative hyperchloremia, and to correct the metabolic acidosis, which are the commonly present imbalances in these animals (NAYLOR et al., 2006).
A high index of suspicion must be maintained for type IV RTA in the presence of normal anion gap metabolic acidosis with associated hyperkalemia and hyperchloremia. The diagnosis is confirmed by abnormal urine studies demonstrating a positive urine anion gap and, often, acidic urine with pH of <5.5.
A 14-month-old girl with a body weight of 7.7 kg was admitted to our pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) in acute polyuric renal failure including severe hypernatremia, hyperchloremia, hyperkalemia, hyperuricemia, and metabolic acidosis.
[1] Usually, bleach intake is benign; however, rare cases of fatal bleach ingestion with hypernatremia, hyperchloremia, adult respiratory distress syndrome, and lung injury have been reported.
In agreement with the findings reported by Evans (2009), on Day 20, persistence of a highly significant serum chloride value was suggestive of hyperchloremia with possible HCO3 deficits and inadequate tubular functions, also indicating ineffective compensation by the body.
ELECTROLYTES AND ACID BASE STATUS: Inability to excrete water, electrolytes and free acids results in metabolic acidosis, hyponatremia, hyperchloremia and hyperkalemia.