or increased demand due to increased masticatory forces should lead to hypertrophy.
The five characteristics are grade (G), a description of the degree of hoarseness, which relates to the overall voice quality, integrating all deviant components; roughness (R), the perceptual irregularity of vocal fold vibrations, abnormal fluctuations in F0 or amplitude of vibration; breathiness (B), an auditive impression of air leakage through the insufficient glottic closure; asthenia (A), the voice denotes weakness and lack of power; and strain (S), reflects a perception of vocal hyperfunction
. The parameters of aerodynamic measurements were also evaluated: maximum phonation time (MPT) of vowel sound "a"
(12) The basic paradigm used to evaluate laryngeal hyperfunction
was to look for compression of the supra-glottic structures during phonation.
If there are clinical signs or symptoms of adrenal hyperfunction
, biochemical evaluation may be appropriate." (1)
in acute coronary syndromes.
Diagnosis of SO palsy was made based on limited depression on adduction, IO hyperfunction
, V-pattern, hypertropia, abnormal head position, excyclotorsion findings, and medical history.
If the aerodynamic forces are not in accordance with the vocal demands, such as with voice professionals, it can lead to hyperfunction
behaviors generating tension to the phonation, brusque vocal attacks, fatigue, and dysphonias .
Increase of levels of D-dimer and NT-pro BNP is because of vascular injury, platelet activation, clotting mechanism hyperfunction
and changes of blood flow state and will not be affected by jaundice and hemolysis.
In addition, compensatory muscle hyperfunction
to overwhelm RE-related dysphonia, as observed in the case of vocal cord paralysis, can be another possible reason for increased FDG uptake during imaging (3).
or hypofunction of miRNA do contribute in the cancer development.7-9
Lingual nerve hyperfunction
due to chorda tympani alterations may be a possible cause (16).
anxiety, depression, mania), impulsive and aggressive behaviors, hallucination, delusions and other psychotic symptoms that have been mentioned in the literature. Neurological symptoms include symptoms of central and peripheral nervous impairments, and the major symptoms include muscle strength weakness, numbness, deep sensory impairment, ataxia, optic nerve impairment and deep reflex hyperfunction
, etc.[5,6] A systematic review suggested that many cases of death due to closed inhalation methods using a mask or plastic bag have been reported. But the symptoms mentioned above can occur either alone or at the same time.