(7,8,9,10,11,12,13,14) Possible associations between AMD and ocular factors such as light iris color, history of previous cataract surgery, short axial length, and hypermetropic
refractive error have also been proposed.
Objectives: To evaluate the effect of refractive error and axial length on peripapillary retinal nerve fibre layer thickness in myopic, hypermetropic
and emmetropic eyes by Topcon spectral domain optical coherence tomography.
Evaluation of anterior chamber depth measurements in emmetropic, hypermetropic
and myopic eyes in children and adolescents using OCT Visante.
A high hypermetropic
refractive error is an invariable feature, ranging from +8.00 D sphere to +25.00 or higher [2, 17].
Also, it was observed that 19.15% of the ametropic population was hypermetropic
(3.6% of the total sample), while in the study performed by the optometrists, the percentage of hypermetropic
patients was 44.88% (13.68% of the total).
It is also useful with latent hypermetropic
esophores, and for young myopes within near esophoria who might progress faster or benefit from a near add or multifocal.
In our study, 32 patients of the 300 patients were Hypermetropic
Astigmatic individuals with average corneal thickness of 532 micrometres, SD (30).
In an older patient group (>13 years) in a study of XLRS by Vincent A, the refractive error was significantly more hypermetropic
and the axial length was significantly shorter than the normal adult group .
The most common type of astigmatism was simple hypermetropic
astigmatism (16%), simple myopic astigmatism (14.5%), compound myopic astigmatism (6.5%), compound hypermetropic
astigmatism (3%) and mixed astigmatism (1%) [Table 6].
Bakunowicz-Lazarczyk, "Evaluation of anterior chamber depth measurements in emmetropic, hypermetropic
and myopic eyes in children and adolescents using OCT Visante," Klinika Oczna, vol.
From an anatomical point of view, a normal, non-pathological eye is known as an emmetropic eye, and has been studied very little until now in comparison with myopic and hypermetropic
John's eyes were checked regularly, and at age 9 he was found to have a bilateral lower visual field impairment and to be slightly farsighted (hypermetropic
), which is more prevalent in prematurely born children (Larsson, Rydberg, & Holmstrom, 2003) and does not require spectacles.