Although Ramm delineated philosophical violations by scientists, he mainly focused on the poor exegetical and theological work of the church (usually by "hyperorthodox
" members) in trying to exert dominance over science, which led to estrangement rather than dominance.
Mayer described the ASA as a group that attempted to provide "a veneer of scientific respect-ability for hyperorthodox
Christian fundamentalism masquerading as science." (24) He described Teaching Science as "insidious" not only because of its "clandestine agenda," but also because "it's a very good public relations piece." (25) Such descriptions were hardly accurate, but they reflected the misunderstanding caused by the group's position.
Candidates know that they'd be punished for saying something unexpected - by the rich, elderly donors and by the hyperorthodox
Apart from high-profile cases against Gilberti and Zumarraga, there were few organized inquisitional efforts to rid Mexico of prohibited books before 1571, which is astonishing given the hyperorthodox
and somewhat paranoid leanings of Montufar and Ledesma.
Ironically, the worst deficits came under Cavallo's hyperorthodox
successor, who never ceased to condemn the state and extol fiscal discipline even as he emptied state coffers and distributed favors to friends and allies.
Believing that religious liberalism ventured too far in one direction by abandoning biblical foundations and that "hyperorthodoxy" (his term for fundamentalism) went too far in the other direction by enclosing itself in biblical literalism, "we defend a position which asserts that a positive relationship must exist between science and Christianity." (35) In other words, evangelicals could side neither with the hyperorthodox
, who rejected science, nor with the religious liberals, who rejected core tenets of the Bible.