aphanidermatum up to 2.16 cm from the zone of interaction, indicating the hyperparasite
nature of the T.virens isolate TRI 37.
The life-history of Tetrastichus radiatus parasitic on Euphalerm citri, Euw.; and its hyperparasite
(Isopoda, Cabiropsidae) a hyperparasite
of Bopyroides hippolytes Kroyer from the shrimp Pandalus borealis.
The fungal group Microspora in the family Unikaryonidae can act as a hyperparasite
on trematode larvae when ingested by a snail host, and microsporidia can reduce Fasciola hepatica infections in snails (Canning et al.
Biology of the Hyperparasite
Pachyneuron concolor (Forster) (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae) reared on Microterys flavus (Howard) in brown soft scale.
Trichoderma pseudokoningii is a hyperparasite
on hyphae of many plant pathogens.
asthenogmus (Waterton), two primary parasites of cockroach oothecae, and on their hyperparasite
mistaken for an inflorescence: The identity and typification of Phoradendron rusbyi Britton (Viscaceae).
asthenogmus (Waterston), two primary parasites of cockroach oothecae, and on their hyperparasite
"This fungus is what we call a hyperparasite
," says McBeath.
When a normal parasite invades one of these hyperparasites
and attempts to reproduce using the host's copy procedure, the hyperparasite
substitutes its own code for the unsuspecting organism to copy throughout its life.