hypertonicity


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Related to hypertonicity: hypotonicity

hy·per·ton·ic

 (hī′pər-tŏn′ĭk)
adj.
1. Physiology Having extreme muscular or arterial tension.
2. Chemistry Having the higher osmotic pressure of two solutions.

hy′per·to·nic′i·ty (-tə-nĭs′ĭ-tē) n.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.hypertonicity - (of a solution) the extent to which a solution has a higher osmotic pressure than some other
osmotic pressure - (physical chemistry) the pressure exerted by a solution necessary to prevent osmosis into that solution when it is separated from the pure solvent by a semipermeable membrane
hypotonicity - (of a solution) the extent to which a solution has a lower osmotic pressure than some other
2.hypertonicity - (of muscular tissue) the state of being hypertonic
tonicity, tonus, tone - the elastic tension of living muscles, arteries, etc. that facilitate response to stimuli; "the doctor tested my tonicity"
hypotonia, hypotonus, hypotonicity - (of muscular tissue) the state of being hypotonic
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
The recalled products include: Lubricant Eye Drops Moisturizing Twin Pack Walgreens item #: 801477 NDC #: 0363-0185-49 Package Size: 2 x 15 mL; Sodium Chloride Ophthalmic Ointment, 5% Hypertonicity Eye Ointment Walgreens item #: 801482 NDC #: 0363-7500-50 Package Size: 3.5 gram; Sodium Chloride Ophthalmic Solution, 5% Hypertonicity Eye Drops Walgreens item #: 801402 NDC #: 0363-0193-13 Package Size: 15 mL; Lubricant Eye Ointment PF Soothing Walgreens item #: 801486 NDC #: 0363-0191-50 Package Size: 3.5 gram.
The recalled products include: Lubricant Eye Drops Moisturizing Twin Pack Walgreens item #: 801477 NDC #: 0363-0185-49 Package Size: 2 x 15 mL; Sodium Chloride Ophthalmic Ointment, 5% Hypertonicity Eye Ointment Walgreens item #: 801482 NDC #: 0363-7500-50 Package Size: 3.5 g; Sodium Chloride Ophthalmic Solution, 5% Hypertonicity Eye Drops Walgreens item #: 801402 NDC #: 0363-0193-13 Package Size: 15 mL; Lubricant Eye Ointment PF Soothing Walgreens item #: 801486 NDC #: 0363-0191-50 Package Size: 3.5 g.
Rhabdomyolysis may occur due to muscle damage and myoglobinuria secondary to hyperreflexia, myoclonus, hypertonicity, and muscle rigidity.
(4) Hypotonicity, hypertonicity, dystonia, irritability, lethargy and encephalopathy can be observed as neurological signs.
The principles behind the management of hypernatremia are mainly the correction of the underlying causes and hence the resulting hypertonicity. In the management of hypernatremia, the rate of correction of hypernatremia is of utmost importance, since it results in brain oedema.
This can be difficult for the clinician to recognize due to the overlap in presenting symptoms of hypertonicity, alterations from neurologic baseline, involuntary muscle contractions, or dystonia (Choi, Jeon, Samuel, Allison, & Lee, 2013; Sharma, 2013).
Congenital malformations observed in other studies include microcephaly, cerebral calcifications, and fetal growth restrictions, as well as neurological findings, such as visual and hearing deficits, seizures, hypertonicity, spasticity, contractures, dysphagia, and feeding difficulties (7).
The inhibitory effect of indomethacin on urine volume is thought to be mediated by an AVP-independent water reabsorption resulting from an increase in solute reabsorption and consequent medullary hypertonicity (23).
Physical examination revealed that she was smaller than gestational age with typical features of CdLS [Figure 1], shown as excessive body hair, synophrys, hypertrichosis of the eyebrows, long eyelashes, broad depressed nasal bridge, down-turned angles of the mouth with thin lips, short neck, short limbs, hypertonicity, and high-arched palate.
Furthermore, the soft tissue chin is drawn, eliminating any hypertonicity evident in the mentalis area.
Mitchel et al stated that pain in the joint demonstrates joint or capsule inflammation or adhesions while pain in the masseter or temporalis may demonstrates trigger points or hypertonicity of the closing muscles.15 Velly et al18 noted that self-reported tooth clenching/grinding was associated with the prevalence of chronic masticatory myofascial pain.
Moreover, sEMG has been effective in diagnosing, treating and researching populations with various pathologies including hypo- and hypertonicity (Herrington, 1996); stroke (Park and Kim, 2017); lower back pain (Kaur and Kumar, 2016; Matheve et al., 2017); and patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS) (Kalytczak, 2016).