Hypnagogic refers to the state of falling asleep, while hypnopompic
refers to the state of awaking.
The journey undertaken is from the familiar known world into the unknown and unfamiliar as if from the 'hypnagogic' to the 'hypnopompic
She'd looked it up afterward: sleep paralysis, disturbance of the hypnopompic
hallucinations that come upon awakening are often seen in bright illumination with open eyes, and can be terrifying.
The aggrieved, the oppressed and the immiserated, who have subordinated themselves to existing social systems practicing a developmental terrorism, are awakening fitfully from their social amnesia and reminding those who choose to delay their hypnopompic
state that, in standing idle, they risk being suffocated by their own past.
This research is based on the hypothesis that the process to shift cognition into a pattern similar to daydreaming, or to the hypnagogic and hypnopompic
states on the edge of sleep, may allow for a consciousness alteration that may enable telepathy.
Table 1 Causes of visual hallucinations (7) Causes of visual hallucinations Neurological disorders Parkinson's disease Lewy body dementia Epilepsy Brain stem lesions such as peduncular hallucinosis Migraine coma Narcolepsy-cataplexy syndrome Psychiatric disorders Acute psychosis Schizophrenia Delirium Affective disorder Conversion reaction Toxic and metabolic Drug and alcohol withdrawal states Metabolic encephalopathies Hallucinogenic agents Medications or toxic side effects Miscellaneous Intense emotional experiences such as bereavement Sensory and sleep deprivation Hypnopompic
(sleep to waking) Hypnogogic (wake to sleep) transitional states Charles Bonnet syndrome
Less common symptoms include hypnagogic or hypnopompic
hallucinations, sleep paralysis, vivid dreams and frequent nocturnal awakening, behavioral changes, obesity, and cognitive impairment.
Hallucinations in narcolepsy are vivid sensory experiences, including visual, tactile, kinetic, and auditory phenomena, that occur during transitions into (hypnagogic) or out of (hypnopompic
) sleep [30, 31].
We may also occasionally experience transcendental sensations, images and sounds in the hypnopompic
state - that surreal period between sleeping and waking, when we emerge from unconsciousness but do not open our eyes straight away.
or HYPNAGOGIC HALLUCINATIONS: "This is were people suffer from a kind of hallucination just as they are drifting off to sleep or waking up.