was the most common post-operative complication observed in 93(17.
fibrosis and cirrhosis in the liver, diabetes mellitus in the beta cells of the pancreas, growth retardation and hypogonadotropic hypogonadism in the pituitary, testis, and ovaries, hypocalcaemia
and osteoporosis in the parathyroid, and arrhythmias, myocarditis, and intractable cardiac failure in the heart.
and hypokalaemia were present in 58% and 56% of elderly patients respectively after oral sodium phosphate preparation.
or hypomagnesaemia are possible if substitution is not appropriate (27,24).
has been reported in up to 50% of cases, but permanent hypoparathyroidism occurs <2% of the time.
Incomplete dilatation in multiparous cows may be associated with uterine inertia caused by hypocalcaemia
, in animals, that respond to calcium therapy rapidly (Noakes et al.
In hyperemesis (HE) gravidarum, long-lasting and uncontrollable nausea and vomiting may lead to dehydration, ketosis, hypochloraemia, and hypocalcaemia
which may cause an increase in maternal morbidity and mortality.
Central nervous system examination revealed positive features of hypocalcaemia
in the form of Chvostek sign i.
With no chemistry panel and ionised calcium level we had to rely on physical exam and a positive Chvostek's sign to diagnose and treat the patient's hypocalcaemia
secondary to his metabolic alkalosis.
This results in significant fluid shifts with 1 to 4 litres fluid loss, and potential hyperphosphataemia, hypocalcaemia
, and other electrolyte disturbances (3).
Postoperatively, 10 cases developed hypocalcaemia
which were managed with calcium supplement.
Primary uterine inertia has been associated with an inherited breed predisposition in Terrier breeds, with overstretching of uterus containing large litter, with inadequate uterine stimulation in one or two pup litters with systemic diseases such as hypocalcaemia
or infection and with inadequate nutrition, uterine torsion and trauma (Johnston et al.