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Related to hyponym: hypernym, holonym, meronym


A word whose meaning is included in the meaning of another more general word; for example, bus is a hyponym of vehicle.

hy′po·nym′ic, hy·pon′y·mous adj.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.


(Linguistics) a word whose meaning is included in that of another word: 'scarlet', 'vermilion', and 'crimson' are hyponyms of 'red'. Compare superordinate3, synonym, antonym
[C20: from hypo- + Greek onoma name]
hyponymy n
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014


(ˈhaɪ pə nɪm)

a word that denotes a subcategory of a more general class: Chair and table are hyponyms of furniture. Compare superordinate (def. 3).
[1960–65; hyp- + -onym]
hy•pon′y•mous (-ˈpɒn ə məs) adj.
hy•pon′y•my, n.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.hyponym - a word that is more specific than a given word
word - a unit of language that native speakers can identify; "words are the blocks from which sentences are made"; "he hardly said ten words all morning"
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.


[ˈhaɪpənɪm] Nhipónimo m
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
According to Bauer (1983: 30) a compound of this type constitutes a hyponym of some unexpressed semantic head.
For example, Figure 3 shows that the word "brother" is an antonym of the word "sister," the phrase "organic substance" is a hyponym of the word "substance," and the two words "arm" and "leg" are meronyms of the word "body."
This implies that 1) both constituents of a prototypical compound contribute to the meaning of the whole; 2) a prototypical compound is a hyponym of the head element; and 3) the meaning of a prototypical compound is not based on creative, ad hoc and/or metaphor- and metonymy-based extensions of the meanings of the constituents.
Among the above lexical cohesion, repetition, synonym, hypernym, hyponym, and meronym are found most commonly in WordNet.
Specifically, it assumes that IPD stores the following properties: (i) Synonymies: a synonymy indicates that two concepts have the same meaning; (ii) Hyponymies/Hypernymies: given two concepts [c.sub.1] and [c.sub.2], [c.sub.1] is a hyponym of [c.sub.2] (which is, in its turn, a hypernym of [c.sub.l]) if [c.sub.l] has a more specific meaning than [c.sub.2]; (iii) Overlappings: an overlapping exists between two concepts if they are neither synonyms nor one a hyponym of the other but represent, to some extent, the same reality.
To obtain a more relevant and domain specific query, the user's query is enriched using concepts and relations of the domain ontology and WordNet (to find the synonym, hyperonym, hyponym of query's keywords).
For those synsets not in CYC, the WORDNET hyponym links are traversed until a mapped CYC term is found.
A concept [C.sub.1] is a hyponym of a concept [C.sub.2] (that is, in its turn, a hypernym of [C.sub.1]) if [C.sub.1] has a more specific meaning than [C.sub.2].
The Polish compounds or compound-like expressions in (35) correspond to English appositional compounds which, as is suggested by Bauer (1983: 31) and Szymanek (1989: 51), can be treated as containing two semantic heads (since the whole appositional compound is a hyponym of both of its constituents).
If X is a hyponym of Y in English, the relation between the Polish counterparts of X and Y is expected to be the same.