A total laryngectomy was done under local anaesthesia i.e removal of the whole larynx (Voice Box), part of hypopharynx
was removed and reconstruction was done and permanent alternative airway was constructed.
This consensus guidance has been developed by the International Collaboration on Cancer Reporting (ICCR) to assist pathologists in consistently describing the features of primary carcinomas of the hypopharynx
, larynx, and trachea that are important for patient management.
Most information about this malignant entity in the head-and-neck region has emerged from larynx and oral cavity with an incidence of 0.5%-3% and 1%, respectively, with very few cases reported in hypopharynx
. We hereby report such a case in a 76-year-old male who presented with dysphagia and swelling right side neck.
The airway measurements were horizontally divided into three: nasopharynx, oropharynx, and hypopharynx
(Arnett-Gunson FAB Surgery Analysis) (7).
is the lower part of the pharynx, a tube-shaped organ spreading from the skull base to the cervical esophagus.
Medrobotics has developed the Hex Robotic System for robot-assisted visualization and surgery in the larynx, oropharynx, and hypopharynx
. Many more surgical robots are in the planning phases (Table 2).
A contrast-enhanced CT of the soft tissue of the neck revealed a well-defined, oblong soft tissue 1.7 x 2.7 x 3.9 cm mass arising from the right aryepiglottic region and narrowing the hypopharynx
, (Figures 1-3).
Pharyngoceles of the hypopharynx
. Laryngoscope 1979;89(11):1788-1807.
Synovial sarcoma is an uncommon neoplastic entity accounting for 7-10% of all soft-tissue sarcomas.1 Its involvement of the spine is extremely rare as most of synovial sarcomas involve extremities of the body near large joints.2,3 Among the 3 % head and neck region involvement, majority of tumours are in hypopharynx
.4,5 The reporting of synovial sarcoma of the spine is limited to case reports so far in the literature.7,9 so the management remains undecided.
Cancers of the hypopharynx
and their treatments can significantly affect hypopharyngeal functions.
Hills for both men (71.2 per 100,00) and women (33.2 per 100,000) as well as hypopharynx
Findings are based on 267 patients with metastatic or recurrent cancer of the oral cavity, oropharynx, hypopharynx
, or larynx who had not responded to prior platinum-based chemotherapy, and who had low or negative expression of the PD-L1 protein.