In order to understand the pathways of sexual desire, Pfaus (2009) provided insight by defining the pathways involved in hyposexual
This paper uses the diagnosis of female hyposexual
desire disorder, which is currently surfacing in medical and marketing literature as a frequent disorder worthy of concern, to illustrate how layers of social meaning can be hidden in a diagnosis.
Pair-bonded "monogamous" animals are almost always hyposexual
, having sex as the Vatican recommends: infrequently, quietly, and for reproduction only.
Quite often, we are unable to locate any diagnosable pathology in either of the individuals (e.g., Hyposexual
Desire Disorder) or in the couple before us.
Additionally, it has been noted that patients who experience cravings, (1-3) attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD),(4,5) hyposexual
desire disorder (low libido), (6) and low motivation (7,8) may benefit by elevation of dopamine levels.
In a study of mood and sexual disorders among 48 low-income HIV+ women recruited primarily from community organizations and medical clinics in New York, Goggin, Engelson, Rabkin and Kotler (1998) found low levels of Axis I psychiatric problems but high levels of hyposexual
desire disorder (39% of the sample).