hypothalamic


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hy·po·thal·a·mus

 (hī′pō-thăl′ə-məs)
n.
The part of the brain that lies below the thalamus, forming the major portion of the ventral region of the diencephalon and functioning to regulate bodily temperature, certain metabolic processes, and other autonomic activities.

hy′po·tha·lam′ic (-thə-lăm′ĭk) adj.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Adj.1.hypothalamic - of or relating to the hypothalamus
References in periodicals archive ?
In the present study, we first assessed the morphological changes in adipose tissue at pre-puberty and puberty onset stages of goats, and then determined the role of leptin to activate signaling pathways which modulate the expression of hypothalamic genes involved in reproduction and metabolism.
Our research shows that the number of hypothalamic neural stem cells naturally declines over the life of the animal, and this decline accelerates aging," said senior author Dongsheng Cai.
To answer that question, the researchers injected hypothalamic stem cells into the brains of middle-aged mice whose stem cells had been destroyed as well as into the brains of normal old mice.
As reported as the research in 2006, polycystic ovary syndrome, hypothalamic amenorrhea, hyperprolactinemia, and ovarian failure were the most common causes of amenorrhea; in addition, functional hypothalamic amenorrhea (FHA) is responsible for 20–35% of secondary amenorrhea cases.
When researchers from the University of Colorado measured IL-6 in their studies, they found that exercise-trained male rats had decreased hypothalamic IL-6, while the exercised females had increased IL-6.
Hypothalamic hamartomas are congenital malformations characterized by disorganized but normal neural tissue in the hypothalamic region.
He details his discovery about hormone receptors in the brain; how the hormone-sensitive hypothalamic neurons were one of three entry points for working out the first neural circuit for vertebrate behavior (in addition to sensory inputs and motor outputs); and his use of molecular techniques to study hormone-facilitated gene transcription and link the eventual products of transcription to reproductive behavior and how transcription of specific genes in specific neurons leads to an estrogen-dependent hypothalamic output that regulates a defined neural circuit and produces a biological behavior.
Insightec congratulates Nicklaus Childrens Hospital, part of the Miami Childrens Health System, for performing the first focused ultrasound procedure on a 21-year old patient suffering seizures associated with a benign hypothalamic hamartomabrain tumor.
BEP produced from pituitary POMC in response to hypothalamic CRF and AVP, in contrast, circulates in the periphery and has less impact on sympathetic nervous system function (Wynne and Sarkar 2013).
Peripheral signal reflecting energy balance can be integrated at the hypothalamic arcuate nucleus in mammals and infundibular nucleus in avian species.
So clobetasol propionate ointment when topically applied can cause significant hypothalamic pituitary axis (HPA) suppression6 to the extent that as little as 2 g/day of clobetasol propionate, 0.
The potential uses of GLP1RA extend across the entire spectrum of endocrinology and metabolism, from hypothalamic obesity to non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) to polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS).