hypothalamic


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hy·po·thal·a·mus

 (hī′pō-thăl′ə-məs)
n.
The part of the brain that lies below the thalamus, forming the major portion of the ventral region of the diencephalon and functioning to regulate bodily temperature, certain metabolic processes, and other autonomic activities.

hy′po·tha·lam′ic (-thə-lăm′ĭk) adj.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Adj.1.hypothalamic - of or relating to the hypothalamus
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References in periodicals archive ?
(5.) Nishio S, Morioka T, Fukui M, et al.Surgical treatment of Intractable Seizures Due To Hypothalamic Hamartomas.
Hypothalamic damage, promoted by genetic defects, radiotherapy or the resection of a brain tumor can lead to neuroendocrine dysfunctions resulting in morbid obesity (5).
BEP produced from pituitary POMC in response to hypothalamic CRF and AVP, in contrast, circulates in the periphery and has less impact on sympathetic nervous system function (Wynne and Sarkar 2013).
Hypothalamic hamartomas (HHs) are rare tumor-like malformations, originating from tuber cinereum and inferior hypothalamus [1].
The endocannabinoid system is involved in food intake regulation through the expression and/or action of several hypothalamic anorexigenic and orexigenic mediators.
However, it has not yet been explored whether visfatin participates in the hypothalamic inflammatory response, which triggers homeostatic metabolic responses and causes perturbation of the energy balance.
Magnetic resonance imaging of the brain demonstrated asymmetric T2/FLAIR hyperintense, nonenhancing enlargement of the right hypothalamus, concerning for a hypothalamic glioma (Figure 1).
Research suggests that hypothalamic endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress causes hypothalamic dysfunction and neuronal apoptosis, which leads to feeding behavior disorders associated with obesity and diabetes [7-9].
MC3Rs are distributed throughout the hypothalamus and limbic structures, while MC4Rs are more extensively expressed in the amygdala, thalamus, cortex, striatum, hippocampus, hypothalamus, notably, the ARC, the PVN, the LHA (lateral hypothalamic area), the VMN (ventromedial hypothalamic nucleus), and the brainstem (notably in the dorsomotor nucleus of the vagus (DMNV), the NTS, and the parabrachial nucleus) [6, 7].
Brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed hypothalamic hamartoma (HH) (Figures 1a-c).
Peripheral signal reflecting energy balance can be integrated at the hypothalamic arcuate nucleus in mammals and infundibular nucleus in avian species.
Chris and Wendy Watkins already knew one of the twins, Riley, had hypothalamic hamartoma, however they have now found out that their other son has the same tumour.