(2005) showed that for the development of power, explosive movement tempo should be used, while for the development of maximum strength the 1/1/1/0 tempo seems most appropriate, while for the greatest gains in muscle hypotrophy
the 2/1/2/1 tempo is preferable.
Tissue reorganizing events, such as: (a) parenchyma homogenization; (b) occurrence of hyperplasia; (c) occurrence of cell hypertrophy or hypotrophy
; (d) increment in the density of trichomes/emergences; (e) redifferentiation of a nutritive tissue and/or a storage tissue; (f) redifferentiation of a mechanical layer; (g) hypertrophy of vascular bundles; and (h) neoformation (or redifferentiation) of specialized structures are discussed in the following sections.
Other clinical manifestations that have been found include the presence of cardiovascular and genitourinary congenital anomalies the most common being: atrial septal defects, ventricular septal defects, patent ductus arteriosus, renal hypotrophy
, micropenis and cryptorchidism.
(26), also reported changes in the submandibular gland, such as a reduction in glandular mass, hypotrophy
of the adenomeres and an increase in the number of ducts after induction of hyperphagia by injury to the ventromedial nucleus of the hypothalamus.
Dandy-Walker Syndrome is characterized by cystic dilatation of the fourth ventricle, by aplasia, either total or partial hypotrophy
of cerebellar vermis, and it is a non-familial syndrome in which cerebral malformations with corpus callosum agenesis, heteropsias, lissenphaly, and stenosis of the aqueduct of Sylvius may occur.
The physical examination notices left axillary enlarged lymph nodes, the presence of the laryngeal stridor, the facial hemispasm, vertigo, a decrease in visual and auditory acuity, hypotonia, hypotrophy
and bradykinesia, impossible walking, the patient presenting paraparesis.
It can be emphasized that with age there is a decrease in the elasticity of the tissue due to the reduction of the number of sarcomeres in parallel with hypotrophy
of the type II muscle fibers (rapid conduction), increase of the fatty tissue and presence of random collagen bonds, thus impairing the functional motor units.
Grade 4: spontaneous basal reflux that increases during the Valsalva maneuver, possible testicular hypotrophy
, overt varicocele, varicosities in the pampiniform plexus.
Therefore, immediate oral rehabilitation for stabilizing the aesthetics and masticatory functions must be performed, that is, using dental-mini implants due to the extensive bone hypotrophy
of the alveolar processes .
Johnston et al., "Muscular dystrophy in the mdx mouse is a severe myopathy compounded by hypotrophy
, hypertrophy and hyperplasia," Skeletal Muscle, vol.
was evident in the axial musculature, with the presence of winged scapulae.
Heterozygous Cdkl5 KO female mice, similarly to Cdkl5 male mice [20, 24, 33-35], show neuroanatomical defects, including dendritic hypotrophy
and defects in spine density/maturation.