hypovolaemia


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to hypovolaemia: hypervolaemia, hypovolemia
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.hypovolaemia - a blood disorder consisting of a decrease in the volume of circulating blood
blood disease, blood disorder - a disease or disorder of the blood
References in periodicals archive ?
The disease is characterised by a diffuse capillary leak with hypovolaemia and acute kidney injury, and a fatal outcome may often be predicted by a persistently low platelet count, elevation of the AST and ALT to > 200 and > 150 IU/L, respectively, and of the aPTT to >60 seconds, and a decrease in the fibrinogen level to < 110 mg/dL.
In spite of the massive blood loss, initial hypovolaemia and hypotension, she had no progressive renal injury, with renal function recovering within 6 days.
Bliacheriene F, Machado SB, Fonseca EB, Otsuke D, Auler JO Jr, Michard E Pulse pressure variation as a tool to detect hypovolaemia during pneumoperitoneum.
Exclusion criteria were the following: previous history of stroke, previous episode of rehabilitation, medical instability, history of other neurologic disease, amputation, severe disabling arthritis, haemodialysis treatment, atrial fibrillation, left bundle brunch block or hypovolaemia.
The clinician can now utilise ultrasound to further diagnose possible causes of cardiac arrest, which include cardiac tamponade, tension pneumothorax, hypovolaemia and pulmonary embolism.
Two days after discharge, she was re-admitted with signs and symptoms of hypovolaemia.
The management of Addison's disease is focused mainly on the correction of hypovolaemia and electrolyte imbalances with adequate amounts of intravenous fluids, the correction of hypoglycaemia, long-term glucocorticoid and mineralocorticoid replacement and the management of underlying causes.
A small percentage of patients with unintentional durotomy sustain intracranial haemorrhage, likely due to an alteration in intradural hydrostatic dynamics caused by cerebrospinal fluid hypovolaemia.
Heat acclimatization elicits adaptations that regulate dehydration and hypovolaemia (Van Kampen, 1981).
However, even with the wealth of information available from observed parameters, the ICU staff commonly deal with difficult questions such as, should an oliguric patient be treated with fluids or with diuretics, and are they suffering from hypovolaemia or fluid overload?
Excessive release of catecholamines from adrenal medulla in response to stimuli such as pain, hypovolaemia and trauma inhibits pancreatic production of insulin and its peripheral activity, leading to hyperglycemia.