Earthquake-induced dynamic soil behaviour can be hysteretic
, highly nonlinear and plastic.
control, a new patented control method, enables up to 10 times faster transient response and reduces output capacitance by 20%.
The evaluation is done by comparing the hysteretic
curves and cracking patterns resulted from the model to the results from experimental tests of RC walls.
Prior to the peak stress, the unloading path is almost overlapping with the reloading path because the concrete specimen almost remains elastic, where the hysteretic
energy dissipation is not evident.
loops of HDC short columns were similar in shapes.
Hopfield neural network (HHNN) is one of the nondestructive testing methods [20-25], detects defection property by AE signal, and then depends on the pattern recognition to classify the signal.
In all the works reporting the apparent hysteretic
behavior of the enzyme, NADPH concentrations of 100 pM or higher have been used [5, 7, 11, 14-17].
Hysteresis is an important aspect of suspension design, and the development of smart materials for vehicle suspension systems with hysteretic
damping has been the subject of considerable studies [2-5].
The force-displacement hysteretic
loops of SHD, SSD, CHD and CSD are shown from Figures 5(a-d), respectively.
At last, the analysis of simulation accuracy had revealed that the proposed method could simulate the hysteretic
characteristics of leaf spring with high accuracy that the maximum average errors of front and rear leaf springs are no more than 4.84% and 6.41%, respectively.
Therefore, we can say that: what we hold, IS the concept, NOT idiographic index, especially the index is hysteretic
Closed loop system with hysteretic
controller is shown in Fig 6.1.