hysteron proteron


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hys·ter·on prot·er·on

 (hĭs′tə-rŏn′ prŏt′ə-rŏn′)
n.
1. A figure of speech in which the natural or rational order of its terms is reversed, as in bred and born instead of born and bred.
2. The logical fallacy of assuming as true and using as a premise a proposition that is yet to be proved.

[Late Latin, from Greek husteron proteron, latter first : husteron, neuter sing. of husteros, latter, later; see ud- in Indo-European roots + proteron, neuter sing. of proteros, former; see per in Indo-European roots.]
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

hysteron proteron

(ˈhɪstəˌrɒn ˈprɒtəˌrɒn)
n
1. (Logic) logic a fallacious argument in which the proposition to be proved is assumed as a premise
2. (Rhetoric) rhetoric a figure of speech in which the normal order of two sentences, clauses, etc, is reversed, as in bred and born (for born and bred)
[C16: from Late Latin, from Greek husteron proteron the latter (placed as) former]
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

hys•ter•on prot•er•on

(ˈhɪs təˌrɒn ˈprɒt əˌrɒn)
n.
a figure of speech in which the logical order of two elements in discourse is reversed, as in “bred and born” for “born and bred.”
[1555–65; < Late Latin < Greek hýsteron (neuter of hýsteros) latter + próteron (neuter of próteros) former]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

hysteron proteron

a figure of speech in which what logically should come last comes flrst, as “bred and bom” and “thunder and lightning.” Also called hysterology.
See also: Rhetoric and Rhetorical Devices
-Ologies & -Isms. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

hysteron proteron

A rhetorical device in which the natural order of words is inverted.
Dictionary of Unfamiliar Words by Diagram Group Copyright © 2008 by Diagram Visual Information Limited
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.hysteron proteron - reversal of normal order of two words or sentences etc. (as in `bred and born')
rhetorical device - a use of language that creates a literary effect (but often without regard for literal significance)
2.hysteron proteron - the logical fallacy of using as a true premise a proposition that is yet to be proved
logical fallacy - a fallacy in logical argumentation
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
The title of the exhibition alludes to a rhetorical device (Hysteron Proteron) where what is put first is in fact temporally or logically subsequent.
By placing its conclusion before the rational arguments leading to it, Brutus employs hysteron proteron, the rhetorical figure of putting the latter part before the former, indicating that Brutus's passion has overtaken his reason.
When he heard a clerk from another chambers disparaging Mozart, the Justice retorted, "When you listen to Mozart, it is not Mozart who is on trial!" When we confessed our lack of familiarity with concepts such as "hysteron proteron" or "hapax legomenon," the Justice cheerfully enlightened us (sometimes after a brief detour into the sorry state of modern education).
mea culpa e miserere" is technically a hysteron proteron, as it is
I write hysteron proteron on the board, explain it means "last, first" in Greek, and we practice using hysteron proteron for a few minutes in everyday conversation.
(59) Joel Altman illustrates this kind of knowledge with Iago's skilled exploitation of the hysteron proteron, a figure related to the circumstantial evidence of the law courts, but capable of operating somewhat sophistically: "it starts with a presumption passionately grounded in some relational notion of identity ...
Hysteron proteron. A Greek figure of rhetoric that means "the latter earlier," or more familiarly, the cart before the horse.
For me this is simply a case of hysteron proteron, a well-known poetic device, with the imperfect employed in its normal way to indicate a one-time occurrence in the non-immediate past with no associated reference to its duration.
analizza alcuni elementi e procedimenti narrativi, come la magia, il procedimento dell'hysteron proteron, i racconti secondari.
This deliberate hysteron proteron arrangement emphasizes the strong link between Odes 3.
The reversal of order is a continual fiction within the cave: "La projection renversante de l'hystera protera" (321) ["reversing projection of the hysteron proteron" (259)] is a "Projet qui prescrit et surdetermine, silencieusement, toute la metaphoricite.