Saudi Arabia had only a year earlier come into being after Nayef's father King Abdulaziz Ibn Saud
united the Bedouin tribes behind his vision of a pure Islamic state and conquered much of the Arabian Peninsula.
So far only sons of the kingdom's founder, Abdul-Aziz Ibn Saud
, have ascended to the throne, and the remaining 20 or so princes are mostly in their 70s and 80s.
The Center for Islamic Contemporary Studies and Dialogue of Civilizations at Imam Muhammad ibn Saud
Islamic University in Riyadh initiated the seminar.
's reply was prompt and laconic: 'Give them and their descendants the choicest lands and homes of the Germans who had oppressed them.'
Abdullah, a protege of the formidable Prince Mohammed "Abul Sharrain" (Ibn Saud
's second son) before he died, in 1963 became commander of the National Guard - a key tribal sector of Saudi Arabia's armed forces - which he has retained until now, with his first son Mut'ab and other close relatives heading the main sections of its command structure.
They were particularly violent against the Jaafari Shiites in Iraq, where Abdel Wahhab's forces under the command of Prince Muhammad Ibn Saud
slaughtered many for their worship of Imam Ali (the Prophet Muhammad's cousin and son-in-law) and his son Hussein who was killed in Karbala by Sunni forces of the Omayyad Caliphate.
Born in 1942, Prince Saud will be Prince Abdullah's candidate among the grandsons of Ibn Saud
to the post of 2nd deputy premier if and when Sultan is to become crown prince after Fahd's death.
Born in August 1924, Prince Abdullah rules a kingdom which is in transition between the ageing sons of the late King Abdel Aziz (Ibn Saud
) to the better-educated grandsons.
THE STRUGGLE FOR POWER IN ARABIA Ibn Saud
, Hussein and Great Britain, 1914-1924 By Haifa Alangari published by Ithaca Press ISBN 0 86372 216 4 price 35.00 [pounds sterling] hardback
For example, Ibn Saud
's practice of serial marriages to women of different Arabian tribes has often been mentioned by Western observers as an astute way of cementing alliances and consolidating power through means other than the sword.
Condolences have poured in for Prince Bandar , who was the tenth son of Ibn Saud
, the first monarch of Saudi Arabia, and the eldest surviving member of the ruling family.