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Related to ictal: post ictal, Ictal EEG
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Adj.1.ictal - of or relating to a seizure or convulsion
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Data were included for 49 seizures with and without ictal central apnea (ICA) and 27 generalized convulsive seizures (GCS) with and without postconvulsive central apnea (PCCA).
Status epilepticus is a single epileptic seizure which lasts more than 30 minutes or a series of epileptic seizures in which function is not retrieved between ictal events for more than 30 minutes.
(8) Certain changes in cEEG, including seizure activity, are elicited by sensory stimuli and are referred to as stimulus-induced rhythmic, periodic, or ictal discharges (SIRPIDs).
L did not have the clinical features one would expect in an ictal episode.
Two of the authors (JH Chen and XQ Zhou) independently reviewed ictal and interictal VEEGs.
For each subject, the NREM 2 sleep periods of 200 s which had no ictal changes or sleep disorder findings, such as apnea or limb movement, were analyzed for spindle density.
Sinus tachycardia is the most frequently encountered dysrhythmia (87%), and asystole, ventricular tachydysrhythmia, and sinus bradycardia, which are the most lethal ictal dysrhythmias, occur in less than 5%-10% of cases (1).
PNES is psychologically manifested in terms of situational and gradual onset, precipitated by stimuli, motor activity, limb movements, pelvic movement, tongue bite, ictal atonia, cry and vocalization (Baslet, 2011).
Repetitive or periodic epileptiform discharges less than 3 Hz can be considered ictal if associated with an improved clinical response with repeated short treatment with a benzodiazepine.
In perfusion-weighted imaging, normal blood flow is seen in CIE, whereas decreased flow is detected in ischemic stroke and increased flow is seen to an area of ictal focus in seizures [3].
Nonconvulsive status epilepticus (NCSE) was defined as a change in mental status from baseline for more than 30 min with ictal discharge on the electroencephalogram (EEG) [2].