It was an ideographic
alphabet that was written on pots, calabashes, stools, walls, leaves, etc., which British colonialists initially derided as 'a kind of primitive secret writing,' but which actually produced an elite corps of literate people who used it to write court judgments and to chronicle history.
By combinations of simple homophonous characters, and by extractions of distinctive ideographic
shapes, a semiliterate waiter can speedily write what remains remarkably legible to the similarly semiliterate kitchen.
Readers of Chinese (an ideographic
language) rewire differently from those who read Spanish (a logographic one).
Lew (1987) classifies attractions into three categories namely: cognitive, organizational and ideographic
. Cognitive perspective corresponds to how people perceive an attraction as either being risky or not when tourists are experiencing them.
The interviews were transcribed in full by the investigators and subjected to discourse analysis, in accordance with the ideographic
(individual) and nomothetic (general) techniques proposed by Martins and Bicudo (17).
93) (3) Within this ideographic
framework there is no disease but only manifestations of the mind-body-soul.
Complex civilizations that use ideographic
or syllabary writing rather than alphabets belong, for McLuhan (2002a), in the same "tribal" category as nonliterate societies: "it is by alphabet alone that men have detribalized or individualized themselves into 'civilization'" (pp.
Nihon in Japanese is "Land of the Rising Sun." "Nihon is the Chinese ideographic
rendering of the name of Japan.
The digital is ideographic
in nature, just like a significant portion of Chinese characters.
As a consequence, the synthesis loses the ideographic
information inherent in individual case studies.
The sheer number of characters (5000-8000 commonly used), the number of strokes and stroke combinations, the complex interplay between meaning and pronunciation, pictorial and ideographic
representations, plus cognitive and affective challenges are powerful disincentives to the study and mastery of characters.
This is accomplished by identifying those variables that account for the most variance in the behavior (its occurrence versus non-occurrence), variables in the environment that are controllable by persons in applied settings (school, classroom, etc.), and variables that may be ideographic
(unique) to the individual student (Gresham, 1991; Reid & Nelson, 2002).