A coronal MRA MIP image showed a lateral marginal vein arising off the left common iliac vein
and extending laterally to the left lower extremity (Figure 3).
We report a 27-year-old man with a history of atrial fibrillation, pericarditis, and May-Thurner syndrome who underwent a venoplasty with two self-expandable stents in the left common iliac vein
Background: Iliac vein
compression syndrome (IVCS) is an important cause of deep vein thrombosis, but the incidence of IVCS is still unclear.
6,7] A retrospective study, including 24 patients receiving haemodialysis by way of a temporary FHC, investigated the frequency of post-catheterisation common femoral/ external iliac vein
Bullet entry tear was found in the inferior vena cava however, the bullet was found lodged in the right common iliac vein
and slipped down against the flow of blood.
This is probably because that the left iliac veins
join at an angle; being constantly pressed by the loaded left colon, the common iliac artery crossing over the common iliac vein
and the longer course traversed by the left iliac veins
, unlike the right lower limb is not much subjected to these anatomical disadvantages.
Like one of our patients few cases of external iliac vein
aneurysm with traumatic AVF of thigh have been reported in literature15.
Nonthrombotic Iliac Vein
Lesion (May-Thurner Syndrome), in Chronic Venous Disorders of the Lower Limbs.
As described in the literature, in some case, more than one variation can coexist as double IVC with retroaortic right renal vein and hemiazygos continuation of the IVC, duplication of the inferior vena cava with azygos continuation, and retroaortic left renal vein and iliac vein
An end-to-side arterial anastomosis to the left branch of the ABFB was performed and an end-to-side venous anastomosis to the external iliac vein
with no significant complications was performed.
These can also rupture into adjacent viscera like rectum, bladder, and common iliac vein
deep uterine veins, which opened into internal iliac vein
, and together