The mainstay of imaging was to reveal pathology that could be managed endovascularly either by iliac vein
stenting (2), (3) or gonadal vein coil embolisation.
Left external & internal iliac veins
drains into the retroperitoneal collaterals due to absence of left common iliac vein
Complications examined include: any type of screw back-out, screw breakage, implant breakage, migration of Interbody fusion device, puncture of Iliac vein
, pulmonary embolism, urinary tract infection and peritoneal tear.
Extreme care should be exercised during the procedure to avoid any damage to the underlying common iliac vein
or the ureter.
There were two complications in the robotic group: a tear in the right external iliac vein
that required open management and a transfusion, and a pelvic abscess, which was treated with postoperative antibiotics.
The triathlete described in the case study by Tao and Davenport reported use of oral contraceptives (3), and Kikkan Randall, the cross-country skier, were both on oral contraceptives and had May-Thurner syndrome, a syndrome that occurs in young, healthy women in which compression of the left iliac vein
by the artery causes narrowing of the vein (9).
Ultrasonography examination showed acute deep venous thrombosis extending from the popliteal to the distal external iliac vein
The findings also suggest that a narrow left common iliac vein
may predispose women to thromboses in this location, and that this risk facor could be addressed with endovascular stenting, said Dr.
Excessive medial acetabular reaming or cement extrusion through a medial acetabular defect, (4,5,7) has been reported to result in direct injury to the external iliac vein
The donor kidney vein is connected to the side of the iliac vein
A CT scan was ordered to check that Karnstedt's IVC filter was free of clots, and that blood was flowing through stents that had been inserted into her iliac vein
in the years following the 1992 procedure.
The donor portal vein is anastomosed to the external iliac vein
if systemic drainage is provided.