ill(redirected from ill-)
Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical.
adj. worse, worst,
n., adv. adj.
ill- Originally meant not "sick" but "bad," and was borrowed from Old Norse illr; the sense of "sick" arrived in the 15th century.
You usually use sick, rather than 'ill', in front of a noun.
However, you often use ill in front of a noun when you are also using an adverb such as seriously, chronically, or terminally.
The usual comparative form of ill is worse.
To be sick means to bring up food from your stomach.
Don't use 'ill' or 'sick' to say that someone has received an injury. Say that they are injured or hurt.
|Noun||1.||ill - an often persistent bodily disorder or disease; a cause for complaining|
disorder, upset - a physical condition in which there is a disturbance of normal functioning; "the doctor prescribed some medicine for the disorder"; "everyone gets stomach upsets from time to time"
pip - a minor nonspecific ailment
|Adj.||1.||ill - affected by an impairment of normal physical or mental function; "ill from the monotony of his suffering"|
unfit - not in good physical or mental condition; out of condition; "fat and very unfit"; "certified as unfit for army service"; "drunk and unfit for service"
unhealthy - not in or exhibiting good health in body or mind; "unhealthy ulcers"
well - in good health especially after having suffered illness or injury; "appears to be entirely well"; "the wound is nearly well"; "a well man"; "I think I'm well; at least I feel well"
|2.||ill - resulting in suffering or adversity; "ill effects"; "it's an ill wind that blows no good"|
harmful - causing or capable of causing harm; "too much sun is harmful to the skin"; "harmful effects of smoking"
|3.||ill - distressing; "ill manners"; "of ill repute"|
bad - having undesirable or negative qualities; "a bad report card"; "his sloppy appearance made a bad impression"; "a bad little boy"; "clothes in bad shape"; "a bad cut"; "bad luck"; "the news was very bad"; "the reviews were bad"; "the pay is bad"; "it was a bad light for reading"; "the movie was a bad choice"
|4.||ill - indicating hostility or enmity; "you certainly did me an ill turn"; "ill feelings"; "ill will"|
hostile - characterized by enmity or ill will; "a hostile nation"; "a hostile remark"; "hostile actions"
|5.||ill - presaging ill fortune; "ill omens"; "ill predictions"; "my words with inauspicious thunderings shook heaven"- P.B.Shelley; "a dead and ominous silence prevailed"; "a by-election at a time highly unpropitious for the Government"|
unpropitious - not propitious
|Adv.||1.||ill - (`ill' is often used as a combining form) in a poor or improper or unsatisfactory manner; not well; "he was ill prepared"; "it ill befits a man to betray old friends"; "the car runs badly"; "he performed badly on the exam"; "the team played poorly"; "ill-fitting clothes"; "an ill-conceived plan"|
combining form - a bound form used only in compounds; "`hemato-' is a combining form in words like `hematology'"
good, well - (often used as a combining form) in a good or proper or satisfactory manner or to a high standard (`good' is a nonstandard dialectal variant for `well'); "the children behaved well"; "a task well done"; "the party went well"; "he slept well"; "a well-argued thesis"; "a well-seasoned dish"; "a well-planned party"; "the baby can walk pretty good"
|2.||ill - unfavorably or with disapproval; "tried not to speak ill of the dead"; "thought badly of him for his lack of concern"|
well - favorably; with approval; "their neighbors spoke well of them"; "he thought well of the book"
|3.||ill - with difficulty or inconvenience; scarcely or hardly; "we can ill afford to buy a new car just now"|
unwell well, strong, healthy, hale
harmful good, favourable
hostile kind, generous
hardly well, easily
to be ill → estar enfermo
to be seriously ill → estar gravemente enfermo
he's ill with cancer → tiene cáncer, está enfermo de cáncer
to fall ill → caer or ponerse enfermo, enfermarse (LAm)
to feel ill → encontrarse mal, sentirse mal
to look ill → tener mal aspecto or mala cara
to make sb ill [food, wine] → sentarle mal a algn; [lifestyle, diet] → afectar a la salud de algn
the soup made me ill → la sopa me sentó mal
all the worry was making me ill → la preocupación estaba afectando a mi salud
to make o.s. ill → ponerse enfermo, ponerse malo
to be taken ill → caer or ponerse enfermo, enfermarse (LAm)
see also mentally
ill at ease → a disgusto
ill effects → efectos mpl adversos
with no ill effects → sin mayores daños
ill feeling (= hostility) → hostilidad f; (= spite) → rencor m
there are no ill feelings → no quedan rencores
I have no ill feelings toward them → no les guardo rencor
ill health → mala salud f
to be in ill health → no estar bien (de salud), estar enfermo
he retired because of ill health → se retiró por problemas de salud
ill humour → mal humor m
ill repute (liter or hum) → mala reputación f
a house/lady of ill repute → una casa/mujer de mala reputación
ill temper → mal genio m
ill will (= hostility) → hostilidad f; (= spite) → rencor m
I bear you no ill will for that → no le guardo rencor por eso
see also wind 1 A1
to speak/think ill of sb → hablar/pensar mal de algn
we can ill afford to lose him → mal podemos dejar que se vaya
we can ill afford to buy it → no podemos permitirnos el lujo de comprarlo
it ill becomes you to criticize → no te sienta bien criticar
the ills of the economy → los males de la economía
the inevitable ills of old age → los inevitables males or achaques de la vejez
to think ill of sb → penser du mal de qn
it bodes ill (= is a bad sign) → c'est de mauvaise augure
to mean sb no ill → ne pas vouloir de mal à qn
They mean you no ill → Ils ne te veulent pas de mal.
to fall or be taken ill → ammalarsi
to feel ill (with) → star male (per or a causa di)
to be in ill health → essere malaticcio/a
she is seriously ill in hospital → è ricoverata in gravi condizioni all'ospedale
we can ill afford to lose him/to buy it → non possiamo certo permetterci di perderlo/di comprarlo
to speak/think ill of sb → parlar/pensar male di qn
ill(il) – comparative worse (wəːs) : superlative worst (wəːst) – adjective
sick means vomiting or inclined to vomit: He was sick twice in the car ; I feel sick .