An intellectual product of the eighteenth century Illuminist
view, both ideology and doctrine as a complex framework of ideas, values, conceptions and consequent practices, as well as the way these are publicly reflected and taught, came under strong pressure during the age of post-industrialist pragmatism.
The concepts of "hybridism" and "enantiomorphism" (scientific term designating the particular symmetry of some objects or molecules that are symmetrical but cannot be overlapped, such as man's hands) reveal thus to be the guiding criteria of this innovative reading of the work of Levi, a poligrafo of the XX century whose profile is rich in anomalous symmetries--between the witness and the writer of fiction, the poet and the chemist, the illuminist
intellectual and his nocturnal side--that cannot be rejoined through a "simple translation" (semplice traslazione).
Faced with the necessity to overcome the fragmentation of human knowledge which was inherited from the illuminist
and positivist projects in search of visions and actions that are more global, interdisciplinarity seeks to establish the meaning of unity in diversity and promote the overcoming of restrictive visions in themselves or which affects others and the world (13).
2011), the author of the World Core Curriculum and for four decades a top illuminist
at the UN, declared that the UN would lead to "the apotheosis of human life on earth." One of Muller's soulmates was Indian spiritualist Sri Chinmoy, the UN's official guru, who conducted meditations for UN staff, ambassadors, and diplomats for 37 years, from 1970 until his death in 2007.
In the first case, it is possible to cite as an important representative the illuminist
, philosopher, mathematician and political man engaged with the French Revolution, Condorcet.
The particular variety of individual genius especially worthy of status for North is that possessed by "literary men," who combine talent with generosity, or, in the terms of Viridor's above-mentioned Illuminist
platform, "Knowledge" with "Love":
Some authors (Lyon, 1999) consider that postmodernism's characteristics of the cultural and intellectual life are the following: giving up the theory according to which science is built on a solid basis of noticeable facts as well as questioning the illuminist
ideas; eliminating all hierarchies regarding knowledge, opinions and preferences; orienting towards local aspects rather than general, universal ones; replacing written, printed text with images offered by the TV screen or monitor, in other words, passing from logocentrism to iconocentrism.
Such an approach is different from other theories that have a Cartesian, positivist, illuminist
and pragmatist cut, which have kept the separation between nature and society, although having provided sophisticated models of how nature and society are articulated together and influence each other.
Angelo Santagostino (2012), in his paper, mentions the tradition of Carlo Cattaneo, an economist of the illuminist
period of the first part of the 21st century who developed the political economy reasoning in a pragmatic perspective with an interdisciplinary eclectic approach in such diverse areas as money, agriculture, technologies, and federalism.
que no esta a otra cosa que a lo que su iglesia interior le encamina y ensena" (general heretic, formal heretic, illuminist