immune response


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Related to immune response: humoral immune response

immune response

n.
An integrated bodily response to an antigen, in vertebrate animals including the immediate, nonspecific response of the innate immune system followed by the specific response of the adaptive immune system, which involves recognition of antigens by specific antibodies or previously sensitized lymphocytes.

immune response

n
(Biology) the reaction of an organism's body to foreign materials (antigens), including the production of antibodies

immune′ response`


n.
any of the body's immunologic reactions to an antigen.
[1950–55]

im·mune response

(ĭ-myo͞on′)
A response of the body to a foreign substance, called an antigen, especially a microorganism or virus that causes disease. The immune response involves the action of white blood cells called lymphocytes, which work to deactivate foreign antigens, often by stimulating the production of antibodies.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.immune response - a bodily defense reaction that recognizes an invading substance (an antigen: such as a virus or fungus or bacteria or transplanted organ) and produces antibodies specific against that antigen
response, reaction - a bodily process occurring due to the effect of some antecedent stimulus or agent; "a bad reaction to the medicine"; "his responses have slowed with age"
anamnestic reaction, anamnestic response - renewed rapid production of an antibody on the second (or subsequent) encounter with the same antigen
humoral immune response - an immune response (chiefly against bacterial invasion) that is mediated by B cells
cell-mediated immune response - an immune response (chiefly against viral or fungal invasions or transplanted tissue) that involves T cells
complement fixation - an immune response in which an antigen-antibody combination inactivates a complement (so it is unavailable to participate in a second antigen-antibody combination)
bacteria, bacterium - (microbiology) single-celled or noncellular spherical or spiral or rod-shaped organisms lacking chlorophyll that reproduce by fission; important as pathogens and for biochemical properties; taxonomy is difficult; often considered to be plants
fungus - an organism of the kingdom Fungi lacking chlorophyll and feeding on organic matter; ranging from unicellular or multicellular organisms to spore-bearing syncytia
complement - one of a series of enzymes in the blood serum that are part of the immune response
Translations
immunválasz

im·mune re·sponse

n. gene controlador de la respuesta inmune de las células a antígenos específicos.
References in periodicals archive ?
The samples in which the gluten had remained intact prompted the cells to quickly multiply, indicating a raging immune response.
The center has discovered that B cell scaffold protein with ankyrin repeats (BANK), a kind of adapter molecule, inhibits the immune response of the B cell.
This protein induces membrane fusion, activating a strong immune response against antigens contained within the virosomes.
depict the special problems presented to the host by certain RNA viruses that are maintained and persist in human populations through avoidance or inhibition of apoptosis, innate immune response, and adaptive immune response.
Appropriate areas of research include, but are not limited to: 1) Characterization of host cells involved in the innate immune response to protozoa; 2) Identification of novel pathogen-associated molecular pattern recognition receptors on host cells; 3) Characterization of mediators of innate immunity that are produced by host cells stimulated by protozoa; 4) Elucidation of the intracellular signaling pathways in the mammalian innate immune cells that are stimulated by protozoa; 5) Comparison of human versus animal model molecular responses to protozoan pathogens or their components; 6) Human or animal model gene mutations or polymorphisms associated with distinctive innate immune responses to protozoa.
Add to that the stress of the condition that precipitated placement of the feeding tube, and you have a resident with a compromised immune response.
The concept of STIs in this patient population stems from the hypothesis that interrupting treatment may enable a rebound in wild-type, drug-susceptible virus and perhaps elicit an HIV-specific immune response.
A set of gliadin peptides (p31-p43) induced an innate immune response in duodenal endoscopic biopsies taken from 37 patients with celiac disease (CD) on a gluten-free diet, but other gliadin peptides that were known to induce an adaptive immune response (p[alpha]-2 and p[alpha]-9) did not.
Their experience should be reviewed--especially since sooty mangabeys seem to have evolved an effective defense against AIDS that includes a notably unaggressive immune response.
In the first study, mice were fed yogurt and immune response variables were measured and compared to controls.
The patient who developed an immune response was also free of cancer 15 months after vaccination, the researchers found.
I don't think there is any evidence that taking iron supplements is going to stimulate the normal immune response.