immunotoxin


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im·mu·no·tox·in

 (ĭm′yə-nō-tŏk′sĭn, ĭ-myo͞o′-)
n.
A hybrid molecule formed by binding a toxin to a monoclonal antibody, used to destroy tumor cells.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

immunotoxin

(ˌɪmjʊnəʊˈtɒksɪn)
n
a toxin with immunosuppressive effects
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

im•mu•no•tox•in

(ˌɪm yə noʊˈtɒk sɪn, ɪˌmyu-)

n.
a monoclonal antibody linked to a toxin with the intention of destroying a specific target cell while leaving adjacent cells intact.
[1985–90]
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.
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References in periodicals archive ?
Immunotoxin based antiviral drugs offer a novel antiviral mechanism for combination therapy and for treating infections that have become resistant to the current first-line intervention.
Depletion of alloreactive T cells by a specific anti-interleukin-2 receptor p55 chain immunotoxin does not impair in vitro antileukemia and antiviral activity.
University of New Mexico (Albuquerque, NM) has patented a heat shock protein immunotoxin comprising: at least a fragment of a heat shock protein, the fragment being capable of being bound by an immune cell; and a toxin bound to the fragment.
Cell surface density of p185(c-erbB-2) determines susceptibility to anti-p185(c-erbB-2)-ricin A chain (RTA) immunotoxin therapy alone and in combination with anti-p170(EGFR)-RTA in ovarian cancer cells.
Both abstracts evaluated SS1(dsFv)-PE38 as an anti-mesothelin immunotoxin in advanced malignancies.
Wang et al., "First experience with the use of a recombinant CD3 immunotoxin as induction therapy in pig-to-primate xenotransplantation: the effect of T-cell depletion on outcome," Transplantation, vol.
Lu et al., "IL-2 immunotoxin therapy modulates tumor-associated regulatory T cells and leads to lasting immune-mediated rejection of breast cancers in neutransgenic mice," The Journal of Immunology, vol.
The development plan includes programs for both immunotoxin and radiolabeled products.
Strategies such as anti-CD25 antibody and CD25-specific immunotoxin [211] employed to reduce Treg function target the constitutively expressed cell surface marker, CD25.
Tsuneyoshi et al., "Targeting tumor-associated macrophages in an experimental glioma model with a recombinant immunotoxin to folate receptor beta," Cancer Immunology, Immunotherapy, vol.
"Bone Marrow Purging Studies in Acute Myelogenous Leukemia Using the Recombinant Anti-CD33 Immunotoxin HuM195/RGel." Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation: Journal of the American Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation 9, no.
Researchers at the Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center will next determine whether immunotoxin conditioning facilitates engraftment of gene-modified stem cells using FancA mice and optimize dosing of immunotoxin platform to completely eliminate host hematopoiesis in order to decrease the risk of leukemogenesis.