imperfective aspect


Also found in: Thesaurus, Wikipedia.

perfective aspect and imperfective aspect

Aspect is a grammatical term that has to do with how an action, state of being, or event unfolds in relation to time. The greatest distinction is made between the perfective aspect, which focuses on actions and events as whole elements, and the imperfective aspect, which deconstructs how an event is structured and located in time.
While other languages may mark the difference with an inflected verb form, English instead relies on a combination of particles, verbs, verb phrases, and lexical clues to determine whether the overall meaning of the action is perfective or imperfective.
The perfective aspect highlights actions, states, or events as a whole, presenting the actions from an outside perspective as complete, bounded events.
The imperfective aspect, on the other hand, is used when we focus on the internal structures of an action, state, or event as it relates to time, such as being continuous or habitual (repeating).
Continue reading...

imperfective aspect

An aspect of verbs that expresses action without reference to its completion or beginning.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.imperfective aspect - aspect without regard to the beginning or completion of the action of the verb
durative, durative aspect - the aspect of a verb that expresses its duration
References in periodicals archive ?
The imperfective aspect is asymmetric in the present and the past, as discussed in the following sections.
To summarize, data from neurologically healthy adults shows that sentences in the imperfective aspect are consistently faster than perfectives, while present tense is faster than past only when aspect is held constant as in Carreiras et al.
These Hebrew-specific means of expressing what is grammatically encoded by Spanish Imperfective aspect in the examples in (8) through (10) reflect non-grammaticized, hence non-obigatory 'rhetorical options' for expressing semantic and discursive contrasts--in this case, between the durative background event of walking and the punctual, episodic event which follows it in the fable.
Events reported in the imperfective aspect are described as ongoing more frequently than events reported in the perfective aspect (Madden & Zwaan, 2003).
While the latter presents a situation from an external perspective, often as completed, imperfective aspect presents a situation from an internal point of view, often as an ongoing action (progressive) (Yap et al.
Both elements together with the imperfective aspect of the base verb are responsible for the saturative meaning.
Backgrounded, supportive information, usually in the form of commentary, flashbacks, or evaluation, has no chronological sequence constraints, and shows an unmarked association with tenses other than the simple past, non-assertive modality, and imperfective aspect (Cristofaro, 2005; Hopper, 1979; Tsur, 2009).
However, in Bhujel the stative verbs can be combined with grammatical imperfective aspect and it yields a durative interpretation as in (9).
29) assumes that Russian imperfectivising suffixes originally had an iterative meaning and only later began to mark the imperfective aspect.
The verb is in imperfective aspect and it agrees with the subject.
Subordinate clauses, negative propositional modality, preterite tense, nonindicative (subjunctive or imperative) mood, imperfective aspect, plural number and transitivity of the verb were presumed as <com grammatical environment.