Or, the Restitution of Abby Lands and Impropriations
. London: printed for Richard Royston, 1673.
On the controversial side are texts concerned with the relationship between Crown and Church, including two tracts by Christopher St German on the limitations of the powers of the Church, A Treatise Concernynge Impropriations
oj Benefices and A Treatise of the Donation or Gyfte...by Constantyne mentioned above.
Some of the identified reasons for the poor disclosures include; fear of discovery of financial impropriations
and acts of corruption, fear of competitiveness, inappropriate and non-commensurate sanctions for non-disclosure and provision of misleading information.
Stephens Church in London and a member of the Feoffees of Impropriations
, Davenport found himself doggedly pursued by Laud, brought before the High Commission, and threatened with arrest.
An example of the experience of a puritan communitarian network under Laudianism is provided by the Feoffees for Impropriations
. The Feoffees for Impropriations
was essentially an organization which sought to acquire impropriations
(livings under lay jurisdiction) and use the revenue to support approved puritan ministers.
Arguing that this reconstruction effort failed "because it was a variant of the reconstruction of the Church of England" (223), McCafferty examines not simply the issues of Laudianism-versus-puritanism and Protestantism-versus-recusancy but also Irish ecclesiastical independence versus congruity with the Church of England, church property resumption versus lay attempts to keep impropriations
, and local independence versus central control.
In the late 1620s William Laud communicated with James Ussher, Archbishop of Armagh and effective primate of Ireland, about recovering Irish impropriations
. But their efforts were again blocked by the Irish Council.
(1578-1653) ministered in London, served as one of the Feoffees for Impropriations
in the early part of the reign of Charles I, and in the revolutionary decades was an active promoter of the Presbyterian system.
Although the lay farmer had experienced considerable difficulty in collecting these tithes in 1632, it is unlikely that the dean and chapter were particularly concerned about it.(89) They were, however, extremely careful to pre-empt any accusation that their improvement of the Common would disadvantage the vicar, especially since, under legislation of 1548, enclosed commons and reclaimed lands were exempt from tithes.(90) Indeed, they argued that their provision for Richard White under the terms of the 1636 agreement was consistent with the crown's criticism of `the manifold inconveniences which happen to the church and commonwealth by reason of impropriations
and the small endowment of vicars and stipendiary priests'.
This is not how Laud saw things about ten years after this sermon was preached when he dissolved the Feoffees for Impropriations
, a group including Richard Sibbes whose purpose was to buy up lay impropriations
(the fights of lay people to appoint clergy to specific positions) with a view to appointing only ministers well qualified to preach.(23) Donne's views were shared by such non-Laudian bishops as Gervase Babington, who said, "a minister should not be dumbe, but heard ever in his church preaching and teaching the gospel of God: for woe be unto me, saith the blessed Apostle, if I preach not." Any regular reader can recognize that Pauline quotation as a recurrent refrain in Donne's Sermons.(24)