improvise

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im·pro·vise

 (ĭm′prə-vīz′)
v. im·pro·vised, im·pro·vis·ing, im·pro·vis·es
v.tr.
1. To make, compose, or perform with little or no preparation: improvise a solution to the problem; improvise variations on a melody.
2. To make or provide from available materials: improvised a dinner from what I found in the refrigerator.
v.intr.
1. To make, compose, or perform something extemporaneously.
2. To make do with whatever materials are at hand: There isn't much in the cabin. We'll just have to improvise.

[French improviser, from Italian improvvisare, from improvviso, unforeseen, from Latin imprōvīsus : in-, not; see in-1 + prōvīsus, past participle of prōvidēre, to foresee; see provide.]

im′pro·vis′er, im′pro·vi′sor n.
American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fifth Edition. Copyright © 2016 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

improvise

(ˈɪmprəˌvaɪz)
vb
1. to perform or make quickly from materials and sources available, without previous planning
2. to perform (a poem, play, piece of music, etc), composing as one goes along
[C19: from French, from Italian improvvisare, from Latin imprōvīsus unforeseen, from im- (not) + prōvīsus, from prōvidēre to foresee; see provide]
ˈimproˌviser n
Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014

im•pro•vise

(ˈɪm prəˌvaɪz)

v. -vised, -vis•ing. v.t.
1. to perform or deliver without previous preparation: to improvise a sermon.
2. to compose (verse, music, etc.) on the spur of the moment.
3. to make, provide, or arrange from whatever materials are readily available: to improvise dinner.
v.i.
4. to compose, utter, execute, or arrange anything extemporaneously.
[1820–30; Italian improviso improvised < Latin imprōvīsus=im- im-2 + prōvīsus, past participle of prōvidēre to provide]
im′pro•vis`er, im′pro•vi`sor, n.
Random House Kernerman Webster's College Dictionary, © 2010 K Dictionaries Ltd. Copyright 2005, 1997, 1991 by Random House, Inc. All rights reserved.

improvise

- Etymologically, if you improvise something, it is because it has not been "provided" for in advance, from Latin improvisus, "unforeseen."
See also related terms for provide.
Farlex Trivia Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.

improvise


Past participle: improvised
Gerund: improvising

Imperative
improvise
improvise
Present
I improvise
you improvise
he/she/it improvises
we improvise
you improvise
they improvise
Preterite
I improvised
you improvised
he/she/it improvised
we improvised
you improvised
they improvised
Present Continuous
I am improvising
you are improvising
he/she/it is improvising
we are improvising
you are improvising
they are improvising
Present Perfect
I have improvised
you have improvised
he/she/it has improvised
we have improvised
you have improvised
they have improvised
Past Continuous
I was improvising
you were improvising
he/she/it was improvising
we were improvising
you were improvising
they were improvising
Past Perfect
I had improvised
you had improvised
he/she/it had improvised
we had improvised
you had improvised
they had improvised
Future
I will improvise
you will improvise
he/she/it will improvise
we will improvise
you will improvise
they will improvise
Future Perfect
I will have improvised
you will have improvised
he/she/it will have improvised
we will have improvised
you will have improvised
they will have improvised
Future Continuous
I will be improvising
you will be improvising
he/she/it will be improvising
we will be improvising
you will be improvising
they will be improvising
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been improvising
you have been improvising
he/she/it has been improvising
we have been improvising
you have been improvising
they have been improvising
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been improvising
you will have been improvising
he/she/it will have been improvising
we will have been improvising
you will have been improvising
they will have been improvising
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been improvising
you had been improvising
he/she/it had been improvising
we had been improvising
you had been improvising
they had been improvising
Conditional
I would improvise
you would improvise
he/she/it would improvise
we would improvise
you would improvise
they would improvise
Past Conditional
I would have improvised
you would have improvised
he/she/it would have improvised
we would have improvised
you would have improvised
they would have improvised
Collins English Verb Tables © HarperCollins Publishers 2011
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.improvise - perform without preparation; "he extemporized a speech at the wedding"
perform, do, execute - carry out or perform an action; "John did the painting, the weeding, and he cleaned out the gutters"; "the skater executed a triple pirouette"; "she did a little dance"
2.improvise - manage in a makeshift way; do with whatever is at hand; "after the hurricane destroyed our house, we had to improvise for weeks"
get by, grapple, make do, cope, manage, contend, deal, make out - come to terms with; "We got by on just a gallon of gas"; "They made do on half a loaf of bread every day"
Based on WordNet 3.0, Farlex clipart collection. © 2003-2012 Princeton University, Farlex Inc.

improvise

verb
1. devise, contrive, make do, concoct, throw together If you don't have a wok, improvise one.
2. ad-lib, invent, vamp, busk, wing it (informal), play it by ear (informal), extemporize, speak off the cuff (informal) Take the story and improvise on it.
Collins Thesaurus of the English Language – Complete and Unabridged 2nd Edition. 2002 © HarperCollins Publishers 1995, 2002

improvise

verb
To compose or recite without preparation:
Idiom: wing it.
The American Heritage® Roget's Thesaurus. Copyright © 2013, 2014 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Translations
يَرْتَجِليَسْتَنْبِط عَلى الفَوْر
improvizovat
improvisere
improvizálrögtönözhevenyészve összeüt
búa til úr tiltæku efnispinna; leika af fingrum fram
greitomis pagamintiimprovizavimasimprovizuoti
improvizētsameistarot
improvizovať
doğaçlamakelde bulunanlarla yapmak

improvise

[ˈɪmprəvaɪz] VI & VTimprovisar
Collins Spanish Dictionary - Complete and Unabridged 8th Edition 2005 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1971, 1988 © HarperCollins Publishers 1992, 1993, 1996, 1997, 2000, 2003, 2005

improvise

[ˈɪmprəvaɪz]
vtimproviser
vi
(gen)improviser
(when playing music)improviser
Collins English/French Electronic Resource. © HarperCollins Publishers 2005

improvise

viimprovisieren; to improvise on a tune (Mus) → über eine Melodie improvisieren; to improvise on a storyeine Geschichte abändern
Collins German Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged 7th Edition 2005. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1980 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2005, 2007

improvise

[ˈɪmprəvaɪz] vt & viimprovvisare
Collins Italian Dictionary 1st Edition © HarperCollins Publishers 1995

improvise

(ˈimprəvaiz) verb
1. to compose and perform (a poem, tune etc) without preparation. The pianist forgot his music and had to improvise.
2. to make (something) from materials that happen to be available, often materials that are not normally used for that purpose. They improvised a shelter from branches and blankets.
ˌimproviˈsation noun
Kernerman English Multilingual Dictionary © 2006-2013 K Dictionaries Ltd.
References in classic literature ?
"Come, now, George, don't improvise. It looks too egotistical.
And now, since it is too cold for walking, since it is late, since it is far to Lyvern and farther to London, I must improvise some accommodation for you here."
Welland was obliged, year after year, to improvise an establishment partly made up of discontented New York servants and partly drawn from the local African supply.
Sir Paul, 77, was asked by his site, paulmccartney.com, if he still improvises at soundchecks.